This example shows how to train a deep learning network for regression by using Experiment Manager. In this example, you use a regression model to predict the angles of rotation of handwritten digits. A custom metric function determines the fraction of angle predictions within an acceptable error margin from the true angles. For more information on using a regression model, see Train Convolutional Neural Network for Regression.
First, open the example. Experiment Manager loads a project with a preconfigured experiment that you can inspect and run. To open the experiment, in the Experiment Browser pane, double-click the name of the experiment (
Built-in training experiments consist of a description, a table of hyperparameters, a setup function, and a collection of metric functions to evaluate the results of the experiment. For more information, see Configure Built-In Training Experiment.
The Description field contains a textual description of the experiment. For this example, the description is:
Regression model to predict angles of rotation of digits, using hyperparameters to specify: - the number of filters used by the convolution layers - the probability of the dropout layer in the network
The Hyperparameters section specifies the strategy (
Exhaustive Sweep) and hyperparameter values to use for the experiment. When you run the experiment, Experiment Manager trains the network using every combination of hyperparameter values specified in the hyperparameter table. This example uses two hyperparameters:
Probability sets the probability of the dropout layer in the neural network. By default, the values for this hyperparameter are specified as
Filters indicates the number of filters used by the first convolution layer in the neural network. In the subsequent convolution layers, the number of filters is a multiple of this value. By default, the values of this hyperparameter are specified as
[4 6 8].
The Setup Function configures the training data, network architecture, and training options for the experiment. To inspect the setup function, under Setup Function, click Edit. The setup function opens in MATLAB® Editor.
The input to the setup function is a structure with fields from the hyperparameter table. The setup function returns four outputs that you use to train a network for image regression problems. The setup function has three sections.
Load Training Data defines the training and validation data for the experiment as 4-D arrays. The training and validation data sets each contain 5000 images of digits from 0 to 9. The regression values correspond to the angles of rotation of the digits.
Define Network Architecture defines the architecture for a convolutional neural network for regression.
Specify Training Options defines a
object for the experiment. The example trains the network for 30 epochs. The learning rate is initially 0.001 and drops by a factor of 0.1 after 20 epochs. The software trains the network on the training data and calculates the root mean squared error (RMSE) and loss on the validation data at regular intervals during training. The validation data is not used to update the network weights.
The Metrics section specifies optional functions that evaluate the results of the experiment. Experiment Manager evaluates these functions each time it finishes training the network. To inspect a metric function, select the name of the metric function and click Edit. The metric function opens in MATLAB Editor.
This example includes a metric function
Accuracy that determines the percentage of angle predictions within an acceptable error margin from the true angles. By default, the function uses a threshold of 10 degrees.
When you run the experiment, Experiment Manager trains the network defined by the setup function six times. Each trial uses a different combination of hyperparameter values. By default, Experiment Manager runs one trial at a time. If you have Parallel Computing Toolbox™, you can run multiple trials at the same time. For best results, before you run your experiment, start a parallel pool with as many workers as GPUs. For more information, see Use Experiment Manager to Train Networks in Parallel and GPU Support by Release (Parallel Computing Toolbox).
To run one trial of the experiment at a time, on the Experiment Manager toolstrip, click Run.
To run multiple trials at the same time, click Use Parallel and then Run. If there is no current parallel pool, Experiment Manager starts one using the default cluster profile. Experiment Manager then executes multiple simultaneous trials, depending on the number of parallel workers available.
A table of results displays the RMSE and loss for each trial. The table also displays the accuracy of the trial, as determined by the custom metric function
While the experiment is running, click Training Plot to display the training plot and track the progress of each trial.
To find the best result for your experiment, sort the table of results by accuracy.
Point to the Accuracy column.
Click the triangle icon.
Select Sort in Descending Order.
The trial with the highest accuracy appears at the top of the results table.
To test the performance of an individual trial, export the trained network and display a box plot of the residuals for each digit class.
Select the trial with the highest accuracy.
On the Experiment Manager toolstrip, click Export.
In the dialog window, enter the name of a workspace variable for the exported network. The default name is
Use the exported network as the input to the function
plotResiduals. For instance, in the MATLAB Command Window, enter:
The function creates a residual box plot for each digit. The digit classes with highest accuracy have a mean close to zero and little variance.
To record observations about the results of your experiment, add an annotation.
In the results table, right-click the Accuracy cell of the best trial.
Select Add Annotation.
In the Annotations pane, enter your observations in the text box.
For more information, see Sort, Filter, and Annotate Experiment Results.
In the Experiment Browser pane, right-click the name of the project and select Close Project. Experiment Manager closes all of the experiments and results contained in the project.