MPU9250

Measure acceleration, angular rate, and magnetic field, and calculate fusion values such as Euler angles and quaternion along the axes of MPU-9250 sensor

  • Library:
  • Simulink Coder Support Package for BeagleBone Blue Hardware / Sensors

Description

The MPU9250 block reads data from the MPU-9250 sensor that is connected to the hardware. The block has two operation modes: Random and DMP.

The block outputs acceleration, angular rate, and strength of the magnetic field along the axes of the sensor in Random and DMP mode. In DMP mode, the block also outputs the orientation of the sensor as an Euler angle and quaternions. The values emitted in the Random mode are raw values, whereas the values emitted in the DMP mode are calibrated values. The block outputs all the values except for quaternion as a 3-by-1 array of double data type. The quaternion is a 4-by-1 array of double data type.

This illustration shows the default orientation of the x-, y-, and z- axes of the MPU-9250 sensor.

If you simulate a model that contains the MPU9250 block without connecting the hardware, the block outputs zeros. For more information, see Block Produces Zeros or Does Nothing in Simulation (Simulink).

Note

Before generating code from the MPU9250 block in DMP mode, calibrate the sensor using the calibrateGyro, calibrateAccel, and calibrateMag functions. These functions calibrate the three-axis gyroscope, accelerometer, and magnetometer located inside the sensor.

Ports

Output

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The Accel port outputs acceleration along the x-, y-, and z- axes of the sensor as a 3-by-1 vector. In DMP mode, the elements of the vector represent calibrated values, whereas in Random mode, the elements represent raw values. The acceleration is measured in m/s2 and also includes acceleration due to gravity.

Dependencies

The Accel port is available only when you select the Acceleration (m/s^2) parameter.

Data Types: double

The Ang rate port outputs the angle of rotation per second along the x-, y-, and z- axes of the sensor as a 3-by-1 vector. In DMP mode, the elements of the vector represent calibrated values, whereas in Random mode, the elements represent raw values. The angular rate is measured in dps.

Dependencies

The Ang rate port is available only when you select the Angular rate (dps) parameter.

Data Types: double

The Mag field port outputs the strength of the magnetic field along the x-, y-, and z- axes of the sensor as a 3-by-1 vector. In DMP mode, the elements of the vector represent calibrated values, whereas in Random mode, the elements represent raw values. The magnetic strength is measured in μT.

Dependencies

The Mag field port is available only when you select the Magnetic field (μT) parameter.

Data Types: double

The Euler port outputs the orientation along the axes of the sensor as a 3-by-1 vector. The elements of the vector represent the orientation using three angular quantities – azimuth (rotation around z- axis), roll (rotation around y- axis), and pitch (rotation around x- axis) of the sensor.

Angular QuantityDescriptionRange in Degrees
AzimuthAngle between y- axis of the sensor and magnetic north[0, 360]
RollAngle between z- axis and x- axis of the sensor[−90, 90]
PitchAngle between z- axis and y- axis of the sensor[−180, 180]

Dependencies

The Euler port is available only when you set the Operation mode to DMP and select the Euler angles (degrees) parameter.

Data Types: double

The Quat port outputs the orientation along the w-, x-, y-, and z- axes of the sensor as a 4-by-1 vector. The orientation is measured in quaternion. For more information on quaternions, see quaternion.

Dependencies

The Quat port is available only when you set the Operation mode to DMP and select the Quaternion (quaternion) parameter.

Data Types: double

Parameters

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  • DMP — When you set Operation mode to DMP, the sensor operates in 9 degrees of freedom (NDOF) mode. The block outputs calibrated values from the sensor.

    This table lists the block output, measurement unit, dimension, and the axes of the sensor along which each of these outputs are measured.

    OutputUnitDimensionAxes
    AccelerationMeter per second squared (m/s2)3-by-1x, y, and z
    Angular ratedegrees per second (dps)3-by-1x, y, and z
    Magnetic fieldmicrotesla (μT)3-by-1x, y, and z
    Euler anglesdegrees per second (dps)3-by-1x, y, and z
    QuaternionsQuaternion units4-by-1w, x, y, and z

    Note

    Before generating code from the MPU9250 block in DMP mode, calibrate the sensor using the calibrateGyro, calibrateAccel, and calibrateMag functions. These functions run an internal fusion algorithm to configure the range and bandwidth of the sensor with some values.

  • Random — When you set Operation mode to Random, the sensor operates outputs raw values from the sensor.

    This table lists the block output, measurement unit, dimension, and the axes of the sensor along which each of these outputs are measured in Random mode.

    OutputUnitDimensionAxes
    AccelerationMeter per second squared (m/s2)3-by-1x, y, and z
    Angular ratedegrees per second (dps)3-by-1x, y, and z
    Magnetic fieldmicrotesla (μT)3-by-1x, y, and z

Specify how often the block read values from the sensor, in seconds. When you specify this parameter as -1, Simulink® determines the best sample time for the block based on the block context within the model.

Select Outputs

When you select the Acceleration (m/s^2) parameter, the Accel port becomes available. For more information on the Accel port, see Accel.

When you select the Angular rate (dps) parameter, the Ang rate port becomes available. For more information on the Ang rate port, see Ang rate.

When you select the Magnetic field (μT) parameter, the Mag field port becomes available. For more information on the Mag field port, see Mag field.

Data Types: double

When you select the Euler angles (degrees) parameter, the Euler port becomes available. For more information on the Euler port, see Euler.

Dependencies

The Euler angles (degrees) parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to DMP.

When you select the Quaternion (quaternion) parameter, the Quat port becomes available. For more information on the Quat port, see Quat.

Dependencies

The Quaternion (quaternion) parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to DMP

Data Types: double

Advanced Sensor Settings

Select a deviation in the acceleration that the accelerometer can measure. The smaller the accelerometer range is, the more sensitive the readings from the accelerometer are. A small range provides more detailed data, resulting in a more precise reading from the accelerometer.

Dependencies

The Accelerometer range parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to Random.

Specify the highest frequency at which the accelerometer samples the signal without aliasing by the specified DMP ODR.

Dependencies

The Accelerometer bandwidth parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to Random.

Specify the maximum angular velocity that the gyroscope can measure per second.

Dependencies

The Gyroscope range parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to Random.

Specify the highest frequency at which the gyroscope samples the signal without aliasing by the specified DMP ODR.

Dependencies

The Gyroscope bandwidth parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to Random.

Specify how many times the sensor measures the values per second.

Dependencies

The DMP ODR parameter is available only when you set the Operation mode to DMP

Data Types: double

See Also

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Introduced in R2019a