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There are 10 types of people in the world

Those who know binary, and those who don't. The number 2015 is a palindrome in binary (11111011111 to be exact) Given a year...

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Solitaire Cipher

Implement the <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solitaire_(cipher) solitaire cipher>. Since this is from Wikipedia, I am capturin...

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Find the biggest empty box

You are given a matrix that contains only ones and zeros. Think of the ones as columns in an otherwise empty floor plan. You wan...

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How long is the longest prime diagonal?

Stanislaw Ulam once observed that if the counting numbers are <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulam_spiral arranged in a spiral>, t...

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Find a subset that divides the vector into equal halves

Given a vector x, return the indices to elements that will sum to exactly half of the sum of all elements. Example: Inpu...

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Spot the outlier

All points except for one lie on a line. Which one is the outlier? Example: You are given a list of x-y pairs in a column ...

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Make a run-length companion vector

Given a vector x, return a vector r that indicates the run length of any value in x. Each element in r shows how many times the ...

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How many trades represent all the profit?

Given a list of results from trades made: [1 3 -4 2 -1 2 3] We can add them up to see this series of trades made a profit ...

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Flag largest magnitude swings as they occur

You have a phenomenon that produces strictly positive or negative results. delta = [1 -3 4 2 -1 6 -2 -7]; Marching thr...

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Given a window, how many subsets of a vector sum positive

Given a vector: [1 0 -1 3 2 -3 1] and a window of 2, A sliding window would find: 1 + 0 = 1 0 - 1 = -1 ...

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Implement simple rotation cypher

If given a letter from the set: [abc...xyz] and a shift, implement a shift cypher. Example: 'abc' with a shi...

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Project Euler: Problem 10, Sum of Primes

The sum of the primes below 10 is 2 + 3 + 5 + 7 = 17. Find the sum of all the primes below the input, N. Thank you <http:/...

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Project Euler: Problem 9, Pythagorean numbers

A Pythagorean triplet is a set of three natural numbers, a b c, for which, a^2 + b^2 = c^2 For example, 3^2 + 4^2 =...

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Project Euler: Problem 8, Find largest product in a large string of numbers

Find the greatest product of five consecutive digits in an n-digit number. 73167176531330624919225119674426574742355349194934...

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Project Euler: Problem 7, Nth prime

By listing the first six prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, and 13, we can see that the 6th prime is 13. What is the Nth prime nu...

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Project Euler: Problem 6, Natural numbers, squares and sums.

The sum of the squares of the first ten natural numbers is, 1^2 + 2^2 + ... + 10^2 = 385 The square of the sum of the first ...

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Project Euler: Problem 5, Smallest multiple

2520 is the smallest number that can be divided by each of the numbers from 1 to 10 without any remainder. What is the smalle...

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Project Euler: Problem 4, Palindromic numbers

A palindromic number reads the same both ways. The largest palindrome made from the product of two 2-digit numbers is 9009 = 91 ...

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Project Euler: Problem 3, Largest prime factor

The prime factors of 13195 are 5, 7, 13 and 29. What is the largest prime factor of the number being input, input might be ui...

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Project Euler: Problem 2, Sum of even Fibonacci

Each new term in the Fibonacci sequence is generated by adding the previous two terms. By starting with 1 and 2, the first 10 te...

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Project Euler: Problem 1, Multiples of 3 and 5

If we list all the natural numbers below 10 that are multiples of 3 or 5, we get 3, 5, 6 and 9. The sum of these multiples is 23...

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Bottles of beer

Given an input number representing the number of bottles of beer on the wall, output how many are left if you take one down and ...

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Too mean-spirited

Find the mean of each consecutive pair of numbers in the input row vector. For example, x=[1 2 3] ----> y = [1.5 2.5] x=[1...

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radius of a spherical planet

You just measured its surface area, that is the input.

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Free passes for everyone!

_Simply return the name of the coolest numerical computation software ever_ *Extra reward* (get a _freepass_): Once a mont...

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Distance walked 1D

Suppose you go from position 7 to 10 to 6 to 4. Then you have walked 9 units of distance, since 7 to 10 is 3 units, 10 to 6 is 4...

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How to find the position of an element in a vector without using the find function

Write a function posX=findPosition(x,y) where x is a vector and y is the number that you are searching for. Examples: fin...

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Simple equation: Annual salary

Given an hourly wage, compute an annual salary by multiplying the wage times 40 and times 50, because salary = wage x 40 hours/w...

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Back and Forth Rows

Given a number n, create an n-by-n matrix in which the integers from 1 to n^2 wind back and forth along the rows as shown in the...

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