Nissan Increases Software Reliability
- Supplier’s bugs detected and measured
- Software reliability improved
- Polyspace products adopted by Nissan suppliers
Nissan Motor’s overriding concern is quality. “Nissan has an important responsibility to its customers,” explains Mitsuhiko Kikuchi, leader of the Software Quality Group of Nissan Motor Company. “This is why we ensure that our vehicles meet stringent quality standards. These standards also apply to the software embedded aboard our vehicles. To ensure that quality processes are effectively used in all electronic control units (ECUs), the Software Quality Group examines the software review process with all suppliers right from the beginning of the project, and then again at each major milestone. The Software Quality Group also reports the status of software quality directly to Nissan executives.”
the software development processes of Nissan’s suppliers-including design,
coding, and testing. Until 2001, SWEEP defined its quality goals mainly in terms of
classical development techniques based on unit, integration, or system tests. These were
crossed-checked against robustness objectives defined for each development activity.
“Nissan and the suppliers had to spend a lot of human resources to ensure flawless software robustness during the testing phase,” Mr. Kikuchi says.
At that time, the Software Quality Group was using two static tools that automated coding rules checking and the inspection of the source code’s internal structure. That left a real unmet need. As Mr. Kikuchi explains, “Nissan was experiencing problems with software bugs that were caused by increasingly complex architecture, coding errors, and other issues. Our coding rules and internal structure inspection tools could address some of these problems. However, these tools could not locate run-time errors, such as divisions by zero, overflows, and out-of-bounds array accesses.”
Mr. Kikuchi first learned about Polyspace® products for C and C++ from colleagues within the global Renault-Nissan alliance.
Nissan performed benchmark testing to evaluate the ability of Polyspace Bug Finder™ and Polyspace Code Prover™ to find run-time errors. “We were already using two static tools. We decided to try Polyspace products during a pilot project. Upon the successful completion of the pilot, we added Polyspace products to the two other tools and extended utilization to all software we would review. Since suppliers have their own specific software, including different development environments, microprocessors, and cross-compilers, we also designed an efficient process so we could analyze their code quickly.”
Nissan defines three levels of gravity for every bug identified: major (must be fixed immediately), medium (should be fixed in a future release), and minor.
Mr. Kikuchi identifies the constraints and criteria that will be used to review previously validated code for the presence of run-time errors using Polyspace products.
“Polyspace products not only find which operations can experience run-time errors, they also identify those that will never have one, no matter the operating conditions,” says Mr. Kikuchi. “Furthermore, they can do so during coding, thus before unit testing. This is of tremendous value to our suppliers.”
“While we do not force members of our value-added chain to use Polyspace products in their development process, we regard a systematic utilization by a supplier as a great plus. Knowing how and when Polyspace products were used during coding gives us great confidence in code reliability. It provides us with a guarantee that software robustness and reliability are ensured in the most efficient way possible,” concludes Mr. Kikuchi.
Supplier’s bugs detected and measured. “With Polyspace products, results are quite easy to measure,” says Mr. Kikuchi. “We find that about 5 bugs per project—about 30K lines of code, or 100K of ROM—are major bugs. These must be fixed immediately by the supplier,” says Mr. Kikuchi. These projects were supposed to be validated already. “That means that these bugs could have been found earlier and for less by using Polyspace products.”
Software reliability improved. “Polyspace products ensure that applications perform reliably while costing a lot less to perform than conventional tests,” says Mr. Kikuchi. “Not to mention the fact that functional testing is no longer impeded by run-time errors!”
Polyspace products adopted by Nissan suppliers. Many Nissan suppliers are working to integrate Polyspace products into their internal development process. “Our suppliers did not adopt Polyspace products just because we highly recommended them. In fact, they know that ensuring software reliability earlier in the process is the best way for them to deliver quality applications at a fraction of the cost. They also know that the only tools that deliver the kind of exhaustive results that make this possible are Polyspace products,” Mr. Kikuchi says.