Generate C Code from Simulink Model
Simulink® Coder™ generates standalone C and C++ code from Simulink models for deployment in a wide variety of applications. The workflow described in this topic uses DSP System Toolbox™ features but the same workflow applies for Communications Toolbox™. For a list of Communications Toolbox features supported by Simulink Coder, see Blocks Supported for C Code Generation.
This example generates C code from the
ex_codegen_dsp model and
builds an executable from the generated code. You can run the executable inside the
MATLAB® environment. In addition, you can package and relocate the code to another
development environment that does not have the MATLAB and Simulink products installed.
Open the Model
ex_codegen_dsp model implements a simple adaptive filter to
remove noise from a signal while simultaneously identifying a filter that
characterizes the noise frequency content. To open this model, enter the following
command in MATLAB command
You can alternatively create the model using the DSP System template. For more information, see Configure the Simulink Environment for Signal Processing Models.
Configure Model for Code Generation
Prepare the model for code generation by specifying code generation settings in the Configuration Parameters dialog box. Choose the appropriate solver and code generation target, and check the model configuration for execution efficiency. For more details on each of these steps, see Generate C Code for a Model (Simulink Coder).
Simulate the Model
Simulate the model. The Time Scope shows the input and filtered signal characteristics.
The Array Plot shows the last 32 filter weights for which the LMS filter has effectively adapted and filtered out the noise from the signal.
These coefficients can also be accessed using the following command:
Generate Code from the Model
Before you generate code from the model, you must first ensure that you have write permission in your current folder.
To generate code, you must make the following changes:
In the Modeling tab of the model toolstrip, click Model Settings. The Configuration Parameters dialog opens. Navigate to the Code Generation tab, select the Generate code only parameter, and click Apply.
In the Apps tab of the model toolstrip, click the drop-down arrow. Under Code Generation, click Simulink Coder. The C Code tab appears in the model window. In the C Code tab, click the Generate Code icon ().
After the model finishes generating code, the Code Generation
Report appears, allowing you to inspect the generated code. Note that
the build process creates a new subfolder called
ex_codegen_dsp_grt_rtw in your current MATLAB working folder. This subfolder contains all the files created by the
code generation process, including those that contain the generated C source code.
For more information on viewing the generated code, see Generate C Code for a Model (Simulink Coder).
Build and Run the Generated Code
Set Up the C/C++ Compiler
To build an executable, you must set up a supported C compiler. For a list of compilers supported in the current release, see Supported and Compatible Compilers.
To set up your compiler, run the following command in the MATLAB command prompt:
Build the Generated Code
After your compiler is setup, you can build and run the compiled code. The ex_codegen_dsp model is currently configured to generate code only. To build the generated code, you must first make the following changes:
In the Modeling tab of the model toolstrip, click Model Settings. The Configuration Parameters dialog opens. Navigate to the Code Generation tab, clear the Generate code only parameter, and click Apply.
In the C Code tab of the model toolstrip, click the Build icon ().
The code generator builds the executable and generates the Code
Generation Report. The code generator places the executable in
the working folder. On Windows, the executable is
ex_codegen_dsp.exe. On Linux, the executable is
Run the Generated Code
To run the generated code, enter the following command in the MATLAB command prompt:
Running the generated code creates a MAT-file that contains the same variables
as those generated by simulating the model. The variables in the MAT-file are
named with a prefix of
rt_. After you run the generated code,
you can load the variables from the MAT-file by typing the following command at
the MATLAB prompt:
You can now compare the variables from the generated code with the variables from the model simulation. To access the last set of coefficients from the generated code, enter the following in the MATLAB prompt:
Note that the coefficients in
For more details on building and running the executable, see Generate C Code for a Model (Simulink Coder).
Relocate Code to Another Development Environment
Once you generate code from your Simulink model, you can relocate the code to another development environment using the pack-and-go utility. Use this utility when the development environment does not have the MATLAB and Simulink products.
The pack-and-go utility uses the tools for customizing the build process after
code generation and a
packNGo (Simulink Coder) function to find and
package files for building an executable image. The files are packaged in a
compressed file that you can relocate and unpack using a standard zip
You can package the code by either using the user interface or by using the command-line interface. The command-line interface provides more control over the details of code packaging. For more information on each of these methods, see Relocate or Share Generated Code (Simulink Coder).
For an example on how to package the C code and executable generated from this example, see Relocate Code Generated from a Simulink Model to Another Development Environment.
- Generate C Code for a Model (Simulink Coder)
- Relocate Code Generated from a Simulink Model to Another Development Environment
- Relocate or Share Generated Code (Simulink Coder)
- Generate C Code from MATLAB Code
- How To Run a Generated Executable Outside MATLAB