This example shows how to create and train a simple convolutional neural network for deep learning classification. Convolutional neural networks are essential tools for deep learning and are especially suited for image recognition.
The example demonstrates how to:
Load image data.
Define the network architecture.
Specify training options.
Train the network.
Predict the labels of new data and calculate the classification accuracy.
Load the digit sample data as an image datastore. The
imageDatastore function automatically labels the images based on folder names.
digitDatasetPath = fullfile(matlabroot,'toolbox','nnet','nndemos', ... 'nndatasets','DigitDataset'); imds = imageDatastore(digitDatasetPath, ... 'IncludeSubfolders',true, ... 'LabelSource','foldernames');
Divide the data into training and validation data sets, so that each category in the training set contains 750 images, and the validation set contains the remaining images from each label.
splitEachLabel splits the image datastore into two new datastores for training and validation.
numTrainFiles = 750; [imdsTrain,imdsValidation] = splitEachLabel(imds,numTrainFiles,'randomize');
Define the convolutional neural network architecture. Specify the size of the images in the input layer of the network and the number of classes in the fully connected layer before the classification layer. Each image is 28-by-28-by-1 pixels and there are 10 classes.
inputSize = [28 28 1]; numClasses = 10; layers = [ imageInputLayer(inputSize) convolution2dLayer(5,20) batchNormalizationLayer reluLayer fullyConnectedLayer(numClasses) softmaxLayer classificationLayer];
For more information about deep learning layers, see List of Deep Learning Layers.
Specify the training options and train the network.
trainNetwork uses a GPU if one is available (requires Parallel Computing Toolbox™ and a CUDA® enabled GPU with compute capability 3.0 or higher). Otherwise, it uses a CPU. You can also specify the execution environment by using the
'ExecutionEnvironment' name-value pair argument of
options = trainingOptions('sgdm', ... 'MaxEpochs',4, ... 'ValidationData',imdsValidation, ... 'ValidationFrequency',30, ... 'Verbose',false, ... 'Plots','training-progress'); net = trainNetwork(imdsTrain,layers,options);
For more information about training options, see Set Up Parameters and Train Convolutional Neural Network.
Classify the validation data and calculate the classification accuracy.
YPred = classify(net,imdsValidation); YValidation = imdsValidation.Labels; accuracy = mean(YPred == YValidation)
accuracy = 0.9892
For next steps in deep learning, you can try using pretrained network for other tasks. Solve new classification problems on your image data with transfer learning or feature extraction. For examples, see Start Deep Learning Faster Using Transfer Learning and Train Classifiers Using Features Extracted from Pretrained Networks. To learn more about pretrained networks, see Pretrained Deep Neural Networks.