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price

Compute price for interest-rate instrument with Discount pricer

Description

example

[Price,PriceResult] = price(inpPricer,inpInstrument) computes the instrument price and related pricing information based on the pricing object inpPricer and the instrument object inpInstrument.

example

[Price,PriceResult] = price(___,inpSensitivity) adds an optional argument to specify sensitivities.

Examples

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This example shows the workflow to price a Swap instrument when using a ratecurve and a Discount pricing method.

Create ratecurve Object

Create a ratecurve object using ratecurve for the underlying interest-rate curve for the Swap instrument.

Settle = datetime(2022,1,15);
Type = 'zero';
ZeroTimes = [calmonths(6) calyears([1 2 3 4 5 7 10 20 30])]';
ZeroRates = [0.0052 0.0055 0.0061 0.0073 0.0094 0.0119 0.0168 0.0222 0.0293 0.0307]';
ZeroDates = Settle + ZeroTimes;
 
myRC = ratecurve('zero',Settle,ZeroDates,ZeroRates)
myRC = 
  ratecurve with properties:

                 Type: "zero"
          Compounding: -1
                Basis: 0
                Dates: [10x1 datetime]
                Rates: [10x1 double]
               Settle: 15-Jan-2022
         InterpMethod: "linear"
    ShortExtrapMethod: "next"
     LongExtrapMethod: "previous"

Create Swap Instrument Object

Use fininstrument to create a Swap instrument object.

SwapOpt = fininstrument("Swap",'Maturity',datetime(2027,1,15),'LegRate',[0.024 0.015],'LegType',["fixed","float"],'ProjectionCurve',myRC,'Name',"swap_instrument")
SwapOpt = 
  Swap with properties:

                     LegRate: [0.0240 0.0150]
                     LegType: ["fixed"    "float"]
                       Reset: [2 2]
                       Basis: [0 0]
                    Notional: 100
          LatestFloatingRate: [NaN NaN]
                 ResetOffset: [0 0]
    DaycountAdjustedCashFlow: [0 0]
             ProjectionCurve: [1x2 ratecurve]
       BusinessDayConvention: ["actual"    "actual"]
                    Holidays: NaT
                EndMonthRule: [1 1]
                   StartDate: NaT
                    Maturity: 15-Jan-2027
                        Name: "swap_instrument"

Create Discount Pricer Object

Use finpricer to create a Discount pricer object and use the ratecurve object for the 'DiscountCurve' name-value pair argument.

outPricer = finpricer("Discount", 'DiscountCurve',myRC)
outPricer = 
  Discount with properties:

    DiscountCurve: [1x1 ratecurve]

Price Swap Instrument

Use price to compute the price and sensitivities for the Swap instrument.

[Price, outPR] = price(outPricer, SwapOpt,["all"])
Price = -1.3834
outPR = 
  priceresult with properties:

       Results: [1x2 table]
    PricerData: []

outPR.Results
ans=1×2 table
     Price       DV01  
    _______    ________

    -1.3834    0.048336

Input Arguments

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Pricer object, specified as a scalar Discount pricer object. Use finpricer to create the Discountpricer object.

Data Types: object

Instrument object, specified as a scalar or vector for Deposit, FixedBond, FloatBond, FRA, Swap, STIRFuture, OISFuture, or OvernightIndexedSwap instrument objects. Use fininstrument to create the Deposit, FixedBond, FloatBond, FRA, Swap, STIRFuture, OISFuture, or OvernightIndexedSwap instrument objects.

Data Types: object

(Optional) List of sensitivities to compute, specified as a NOUT-by-1 or a 1-by-NOUT cell array of character vectors or string array with possible values of 'Price' and 'DV01'.

inpSensitivity = {'All'} or inpSensitivity = ["All"] specifies that the output is Price and DV01. This is the same as specifying inpSensitivity to include each sensitivity.

The sensitivities supported depend on the inpInstrument.

inpInstrumentSupported Sensitivities
Deposit{'DV01','price'}
FixedBond{'DV01','price'}
FloatBond{'DV01','price'}
FRA{'DV01','price'}
Swap{'DV01','price'}
STIRFuture{'DV01','price'}
OISFuture{'DV01','price'}
OvernightIndexedSwap{'DV01','price'}

Example: inpSensitivity = {'DV01','price'}

Data Types: cell | string

Output Arguments

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Instrument price, returned as a numeric.

Price result, returned as an object. The object has the following fields:

  • PriceResult.Results — Table of results that includes sensitivities (if you specify inpSensitivity)

  • PriceResult.PricerData — Structure for pricer data

Introduced in R2020a