This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English version of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see
To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

imgaussfilt

2-D Gaussian filtering of images

Syntax

B = imgaussfilt(A)
B = imgaussfilt(A,sigma)
B = imgaussfilt(___,Name,Value)

Description

B = imgaussfilt(A) filters image A with a 2-D Gaussian smoothing kernel with standard deviation of 0.5, and returns the filtered image in B.

You optionally can perform the filtering using a GPU (requires Parallel Computing Toolbox™). For more information, see Image Processing on a GPU.

example

B = imgaussfilt(A,sigma) filters image A with a 2-D Gaussian smoothing kernel with standard deviation specified by sigma.

B = imgaussfilt(___,Name,Value) uses name-value pair arguments to control aspects of the filtering.

Examples

collapse all

Read image to be filtered.

I = imread('cameraman.tif');

Filter the image with a Gaussian filter with standard deviation of 2.

Iblur = imgaussfilt(I, 2);

Display all results for comparison.

subplot(1,2,1)
imshow(I)
title('Original Image');
subplot(1,2,2)
imshow(Iblur)
title('Gaussian filtered image, \sigma = 2')

This example shows how to perform a Gaussian smoothing operation on a GPU.

Read image to be filtered into a gpuArray.

I = gpuArray(imread('cameraman.tif'));

Perform Gaussian smoothing.

Iblur = imgaussfilt(I, 2);

Display all the results for comparison.

subplot(1,2,1), imshow(I), title('Original Image');

subplot(1,2,2), imshow(Iblur)
title('Gaussian filtered image, \sigma = 2')

Input Arguments

collapse all

Image to be filtered, specified as a numeric array of any dimension.

To perform the filtering using a GPU, specify A as a gpuArray that contains a numeric array.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32

Standard deviation of the Gaussian distribution, specified as a positive number or a 2-element vector of positive numbers. If you specify a scalar, then imgaussfilt uses a square Gaussian kernel.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: B = imgaussfilt(A,'FilterSize',3);

Size of the Gaussian filter, specified as a scalar or 2-element vector of positive, odd integers. If you specify a scalar, then imgaussfilt uses a square filter. The default filter size is 2*ceil(2*sigma)+1.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Image padding, specified as one of the following.

ValueDescription
numeric scalarPad image with elements of constant value.
'circular'

Pad with circular repetition of elements within the dimension.

'replicate'

Pad by repeating border elements of array.

'symmetric'

Pad image with mirror reflections of itself.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical | char | string

Domain in which to perform filtering, specified as one of the following values:

ValueDescription
'auto'Perform convolution in the spatial or frequency domain, based on internal heuristics.
'frequency'Perform convolution in the frequency domain.
'spatial'Perform convolution in the spatial domain.

Data Types: char | string

Output Arguments

collapse all

Filtered image, returned as a numeric array of the same class and size as the input image, A.

If the image is filtered using a GPU, then B is returned as a gpuArray containing a numeric array.

Tips

  • If image A contains Infs or NaNs, then the behavior of imgaussfilt for frequency domain filtering is undefined. This can happen if you set the 'FilterDomain' parameter to 'frequency' or if you set it to 'auto' and imgaussfilt uses frequency domain filtering. To restrict the propagation of Infs and NaNs in the output in a manner similar to imfilter, consider setting the 'FilterDomain' parameter to 'spatial'.

  • If you set the 'FilterDomain' parameter to 'auto', then imgaussfilt uses an internal heuristic to determine whether spatial or frequency domain filtering is faster. This heuristic is machine dependent and may vary for different configurations. For optimal performance, try both options, 'spatial' and 'frequency', to determine the best filtering domain for your image and kernel size.

  • If you do not specify the 'Padding' parameter, then imgaussfilt uses 'replicate' padding by default, which is different from the default used by imfilter.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2015a