Compute transmission loss using the sonar equation
returns the transmission loss of a signal from source to receiver that produces the
TL = sonareqtl(
SNR. Transmission loss is computed using
the Sonar Equation. Required
inputs are the source level,
SL, received noise level,
NL, and receiver directivity index,
DI. Use this syntax to evaluate passive sonar system
Estimate Transmission Loss from Passive Sonar Equation
Estimate the transmission loss of a signal arriving from a source with source level of 200 dB. The received SNR is 10 dB, the noise level is 75 dB, and the receive array directivity index is 25 dB.
SNR = 10; SL = 200.0; NL = 75.0; DI = 25.0; TL = sonareqtl(SL,SNR,NL,DI)
TL = 140
Estimate Transmission Loss from Active Sonar Equation
Estimate the one-way transmission loss of a signal transmitted by a source with source level of 130 dB//1 μPa and reflected from a target with 25 dB//1 target strength. The noise level is 45 dB//1 μPa, the receive array directivity is 25 dB.
SL = 130.0; SNR = 15.0; NL = 45.0; DI = 25.0; TS = 25.0; TL = sonareqtl(SL,SNR,NL,DI,TS)
TL = 60
SL — Sonar source level
Sonar source level, specified as a scalar. Source level is the ratio of the source intensity to a reference intensity, converted to dB. The reference intensity is the intensity of a sound wave having a root-mean-square (rms) pressure of 1 μPa. Units are in dB//1 μPa.
SNR — Received signal-to-noise ratio
Received signal-to-noise ratio, specified as a scalar. Units are in dB.
NL — Received noise level
Received noise level, specified as a scalar. Noise level is the ratio of the noise intensity to a reference intensity, converted to dB. The reference intensity is the intensity of a sound wave having a root-mean-square (rms) pressure of 1 μPa. Units are in dB//1 μPa.
DI — Receiver directivity index
Receiver directivity index, specified as a scalar. Units are in dB.
TS — Target strength
Target strength, specified as a scalar. Target strength is the ratio of the intensity of a reflected signal at 1 m from a target to the incident intensity. Target strength is the sonar analog to radar cross section. Units are in dB//1 m2.
TL — Transmission loss
Transmission loss, returned as a positive scalar. Transmission loss is the
attenuation of sound intensity as the sound propagates through the
underwater channel. Transmission loss is defined as the ratio of sound
intensity at 1 m from a source to the sound intensity at distance
R. When target strength,
specified, transmission loss is two-way.
 Ainslie M. A. and J.G. McColm. "A simplified formula for viscous and chemical absorption in sea water." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 103, Number 3, 1998, pp. 1671--1672.
 Urick, Robert J, Principles of Underwater Sound, 3rd ed. Peninsula Publishing, Los Altos, CA, 1983.
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Usage notes and limitations:
Does not support variable-size inputs.