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rfsystem

Perform circuit envelope simulation of RF system designed using rfbudget

Description

Use the rfsystem System object™ to perform circuit envelope simulation of an RF system designed using an rfbudget object. You can use the rfsystem object to generate an RF Blockset™ model. This object supports vector inputs and has no frame-size limits.

Note

  • You can add or delete RF Blockset blocks to this model but you cannot modify the parameters of Inport and Outport blocks. After this update, the input rfbudget object to the rfsystem will be preserved and you can inspect this rfbudget object using the RF Budget Analyzer app.

To perform circuit envelope simulation of an RF system:

  1. Create the rfsystem object and set its properties.

  2. Call the object with arguments, as if it were a function.

To learn more about how System objects work, see What Are System Objects?

Creation

Description

example

rfs = rfsystem(rfb) creates a System object from the RF system rfb. Use the System object, rfs, to perform circuit envelope simulation.

The System object generates an untitled RF Blockset model of the RF system. Use Object Functions to open, save, close, or hide the RF Blockset model.

example

rfs = rfsystem(rfb,Name=Value) sets Properties using name-value arguments. For example, rfsystem(rfb,'ModelName'='rfmodel') sets the name of the RF Blockset model to rfmodel.

Properties

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Unless otherwise indicated, properties are nontunable, which means you cannot change their values after calling the object. Objects lock when you call them, and the release function unlocks them.

If a property is tunable, you can change its value at any time.

For more information on changing property values, see System Design in MATLAB Using System Objects.

Name of the RF Blockset model, specified as a string scalar or character vector.

Example: 'ModelName','RFModel'

Input frequency applied to each input of the RF system, specified as a row vector in Hz. This input frequency is derived from the RF system designed using an rfbudget object. Your RF system will have two inputs, I and Q, at DC if the rfb.InputFrequency is set to 0.

Note

You can set InputFrequency to be a vector if you want to investigate the intermodulation of nearby signals going through the same architecture after construction of the rfsystem system object.

Output frequency to be computed at the output of the RF system, specified as a row vector in Hz. This output frequency is derived from the RF system designed using an rfbudget object. Your RF system will have two outputs, I and Q, at DC if the value of the rfb.OutputFrequency is 0.

Time step for circuit envelope simulation, specified as a positive scalar. This property sets the step size between simulations.

Number of input chains in a multiple-input single-output receiver system, specified as a positive scalar.

Note

You can set:

  • Either the 'Rx' or the 'Tx' property when creating the System object.

  • 'Rx' property only when creating the System object.

Number of output chains in a single-input multiple-output transmitter system, specified as a positive scalar.

Note

You can set:

  • Either the 'Rx' or the 'Tx' property when creating the System object.

  • 'Rx' property only when creating the System object.

Number of optional Simulink inputs, specified as a positive scalar. The Simulink inputs are added as Simulink Inports in the model.

Number of optional Simulink outputs, specified as a positive scalar. The Simulink inputs are added as Simulink Inports in the model.

This property is read-only.

Number of RF inputs implemented as RF Blockset Inport blocks in the generated model, returned as a nonnegative scalar. The value of this property depends on the 'Rx' property and the first value in the 'InputFrequency' row vector.

This property is read-only.

Number of RF outputs implemented as RF Blockset Outport blocks in the generated model, returned as a nonnegative scalar. The value of this property depends on the 'Tx' property and the last value in the 'OutputFrequency' row vector.

Usage

Description

example

out = rfs(in) creates an RF Blockset circuit envelope simulation output out using input signal values in. Pass in as an input argument to an automatically-generated RF Blockset model.

You can design four architectures, RF to RF, DC to RF, RF to DC, and DC to DC, using the rfsystem object. For more information, see Design RF-RF, IQ-RF, RF-IQ, and IQ-IQ Architectures.

Note

Passing multiple input vectors and concatenating the output vectors is equivalent to performing one long simulation with a vertically-concatenated input.

Input Arguments

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Time-domain input signal, specified as column vectors. Specify in as an array of N column vectors when there are N 'InputFrequency' values.

If 'RFInputs' > 1 , 'SLInputs' > 1, and both, then the inputs are passed to the step method as arguments out = rfs(RFin1,RFin2,...,SLin1,SLin2,...).

Output Arguments

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Time-domain output signal, returned as column vectors. out is returned as an array of N column vectors when there are N 'OutputFrequency' values to be computed.

If 'RFOutputs' > 1, 'SLOutputs' > 1,and both, then the outputs are returned by the step method is [RFout1,RFout2,...,SLout1,SLout2,...] = rfs(in).

Object Functions

To use an object function, specify the System object™ as the first input argument. For example, to release system resources of a System object named obj, use this syntax:

release(obj)

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open_systemOpen RF Blockset model created using rfsystem
save_systemSave RF Blockset model created using rfsystem
close_systemClose RF Blockset model window created using rfsystem
hide_systemHide RF Blockset model window created using rfsystem
load_systemLoad RF Blockset model to memory
RF Budget AnalyzerAnalyze gain, noise figure, IP2, and IP3 of cascaded RF elements and export to RF Blockset

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stepRun System object algorithm
releaseRelease resources and allow changes to System object property values and input characteristics
resetReset internal states of System object

Examples

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Design an RF receiver to perform circuit envelope simulation.

Create fifth- and seventh-order bandpass RF filters.

f1 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',5, ...
        'PassbandFrequency',[4.85 5.15]*1e9);
f2 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',7, ...
        'PassbandFrequency',[10 130]*1e6);

Create two amplifier objects with 3 dB and 5 dB gain, respectively.

a1 = amplifier('Gain',3,'NF',1.53,'OIP3',35);
a2 = amplifier('Gain',5,'NF',8,'OIP3',37);

Create a modulator with a local frequency of 4.93 GHz.

d = modulator('Gain',0,'NF',4,'OIP3',50,'LO',4.93e9, ...
        'ConverterType','Down');

Design an RF receiver with the budget elements at an input frequency of 5 GHz, an available input power of -30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 200 MHz.

rfb = rfbudget([f1 a1 d f2 a2],5e9,-30,200e6);

Create an RF system for the RF receiver using the rfbudget object.

rfs = rfsystem(rfb);

Specify input time-domain signal for the RF system.

in = [1e-3*ones(8,1); zeros(8,1)] .* ones(1,10);
in = in(:);

Calculate the output time-domain signal of the RF system.

out = rfs(in);
out = [out; rfs(in)];

Specify the sample time of the RF system.

t = rfs.SampleTime*(0:length(out)-1);

Plot the simulated output.

plot(t,[in; in],'-o',t,abs(out),'-+')
grid on

Release system resources and turn off fast restart.

release(rfs)

Open an RF Blockset model of the designed RF system using the open_system object function.

open_system(rfs)

Design four different chain architectures using an RF System object.

Create an input column vector.

in = (1:8)';

Design RF-RF Architecture

Create an rfbudget object using an amplifier object.

a = amplifier;

Calculate the RF budget of the amplifier at an input frequency of 5 GHz, an available input power of –30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 10 KHz.

rfb = rfbudget(a,5e9,-30,10e3);

Create an RF system using the rfbudget object.

rfs = rfsystem(rfb);

Create an RF-RF architecture using the input column vector.

out0 = rfs(in);

Release system resources and turn off fast restart.

release(rfs)

Open an RF Blockset model of the RF system.

open_system(rfs)

Design IQ-RF Architecture

Use a modulator object with an up converter to create an rfbudget object.

u = modulator('ConverterType','Up','LO',1e9);

Calculate the RF budget of the modulator at an input frequency of 0 GHz, an available input power of –30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 10 KHz.

rfb2 = rfbudget(u,0,-30,10e3);

Create an RF system using the rfbudget object.

rfs2 = rfsystem(rfb2);

Create an IQ-RF architecture using the input column vector.

inI = in;
inQ = in;
out = rfs2(inI,inQ);

Release system resources and turn off fast restart.

release(rfs2)

Open an RF Blockset model of the RF system.

open_system(rfs2)

Design RF-IQ Architecture

Use a modulator object with a down converter to create an rfbudget object.

d = modulator('ConverterType','Down','LO',1e9);

Calculate the RF budget of the modulator at an input frequency of 1 GHz, an available input power of –30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 10 KHz.

rfb3 = rfbudget(d,1e9,-30,10e3);

Create an RF system using the rfbudget object.

rfs3 = rfsystem(rfb3);

Create an RF-IQ architecture using the input column vector.

[outI,outQ] = rfs3(in);

Release system resources and turn off fast restart.

release(rfs3)

Open an RF Blockset model of the RF system.

open_system(rfs3)

Design IQ-IQ Architecture

Create an rfbudget object using an amplifier object.

a1 = amplifier;

Calculate the RF budget of the amplifier at an input frequency of 0 GHz, an available input power of –30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 10 KHz.

rfb4 = rfbudget(a1,0,-30,10e3);

Create an RF system using the rfbudget object.

rfs4 = rfsystem(rfb4);

Create an IQ-IQ architecture using the input column vector.

[outI2,outQ2] = rfs4(inI,inQ);

Release system resources and turn off fast restart.

release(rfs4)

Open an RF Blockset model of the RF system.

open_system(rfs4)

Create a fifth-order bandpass RF filter.

f1 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',5, ...
   'PassbandFrequency',[4.85 5.15]*1e9);

Create an amplifier with 3 dB gain.

a1 = amplifier('Gain',3,'NF',1.53,'OIP3',35);

Create a modulator with a local frequency of 4.93 GHz.

d = modulator('Gain',0,'NF',4,'OIP3',50,'LO',4.93e9, ...
   'ConverterType','Down');

Create a seventh-order bandpass RF filter.

f2 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',7, ...
   'PassbandFrequency',[10 130]*1e6);

Create another amplifier with a 3 dB gain.

a2 = amplifier('Gain',5,'NF',8,'OIP3',37);

Design an RF receiver with the budget elements at an input frequency of 5 GHz, an available input power of –30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 200 MHz.

b = rfbudget([f1 a1 d f2 a2],5e9,-30,200e6);

Duplicate the budget chain into a multiple-input single-output receiver (MISO) system with four branches.

rfs = rfsystem(b,Rx=4);

Open the underlying RF system model to inspect the MISO receiver

open_system(rfs)

set_param(bdroot,'ZoomFactor','FitSystem')

Create four inputs to the MISO receiver. The pulsed carrier square wave input is time-sliced into four pieces.

in1 = [1e-3*[1;1;0;0;0;0;0;0]; zeros(8,1)] .* ones(1,10);
in1 = in1(:);
in2 = [1e-3*[0;0;1;1;0;0;0;0]; zeros(8,1)] .* ones(1,10);
in2 = in2(:);
in3 = [1e-3*[0;0;0;0;1;1;0;0]; zeros(8,1)] .* ones(1,10);
in3 = in3(:);
in4 = [1e-3*[0;0;0;0;0;0;1;1]; zeros(8,1)] .* ones(1,10);
in4 = in4(:);
out = rfs(in1,in2,in3,in4);

Release system resources and turn off fast restart.

release(rfs)
reset(rfs)

Plot the circuit envelope simulated result.

t = rfs.SampleTime*(0:length(out)-1);
plot(t,in1+in2+in3+in4,'-o',t,abs(out),'-+')
grid on

Type rfBudgetAnalyzer(rfs) command at the command line to open the MISO receiver in the RF Budget Analyzer app to visualize the initial budget chain b.

Duplicate the budget chain into a single-input multiple-output (SIMO) array system with sixteen branches.

rfs2 = rfsystem(b,Tx=16);

Open the underlying RF system model to inspect the SIMO receiver

open_system(rfs2)

Create a fifth-order bandpass RF filter.

f1 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',5,'PassbandFrequency',[4.85 5.15]*1e9);

Create an amplifier with the gain of 3 dB, noise figure of 1.53 dB, and OIP3 of 35 dBm.

a1 = amplifier('Gain',3,'NF',1.53,'OIP3',35);

Create an rfbudget object using these elements at an input frequency of 5 GHz, an available input power of -30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 200 MHz.

rfb = rfbudget([f1 a1],5e9,-30,200e6);

Create an RF system using the rfbdget object. Name the model and save the RF Blockset model.

rfs = rfsystem(rfb,'ModelName','myRFSystem_Model')
save_system(rfs);
rfs = 

  rfsystem with properties:

          ModelName: 'myRFSystem_Model'
         SampleTime: 6.2500e-10
     InputFrequency: 5.0000e+09
    OutputFrequency: 5.0000e+09
           RFInputs: 1
          RFOutputs: 1

Design an RF receiver using the rfsystem system object. View the object in the the RF Budget Analyzer app to perform harmonic balance (HB) analysis.

Create fifth- and seventh-order bandpass RF filters.

f1 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',5, ...
        'PassbandFrequency',[4.85 5.15]*1e9);
f2 = rffilter('ResponseType','Bandpass','FilterOrder',7, ...
        'PassbandFrequency',[10 130]*1e6);

Create two amplifier objects with 3 dB and 5 dB gain, respectively.

a1 = amplifier('Gain',3,'NF',1.53,'OIP3',35);
a2 = amplifier('Gain',5,'NF',8,'OIP3',37);

Create a modulator with a local frequency of 4.93 GHz.

d = modulator('Gain',0,'NF',4,'OIP3',50,'LO',4.93e9, ...
        'ConverterType','Down');

Design an RF receiver with the budget elements at an input frequency of 5 GHz, an available input power of – 30 dBm, and a bandwidth of 10 MHz.

rfb = rfbudget([f1 a1 d f2 a2],5e9,-30,10e6);

Create an RF system for the RF receiver using the rfbudget object.

rfs = rfsystem(rfb);

Open an RF Blockset model of the designed RF system using the open_system object function.

open_system(rfs)

Type rfBudgetAnalyzer(rfs) command at the MATLAB® command line to open this RF system in the RF Budget Analyzer app.

To conduct HB analysis in the app, click the HB-Analyze button.

Version History

Introduced in R2021a