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Common Aperiodic Waveforms

Signal Processing Toolbox™ provides functions for generating several widely used aperiodic waveforms.

  • gauspuls generates a Gaussian-modulated sinusoidal pulse with a specified time, center frequency, and fractional bandwidth. Optional parameters return in-phase and quadrature pulses, the RF signal envelope, and the cutoff time for the trailing pulse envelope.

  • chirp generates a linear, logarithmic, or quadratic swept-frequency sinusoidal signal. An optional parameter specifies alternative sweep methods. An optional parameter allows an initial phase to be specified in degrees.

Compute 2 seconds of a linear chirp signal with a sample rate of 1 kHz that starts at DC and crosses 150 Hz at 1 second.

t = 0:1/1000:2;
y = chirp(t,0,1,150);

Plot the spectrogram of the chirp. Specify 90% of overlap between adjoining windowed segments.

pspectrum(y,t,'spectrogram','OverlapPercent',90)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title Fres = 10.2261 Hz, Tres = 251 ms contains an object of type image.

Use gauspuls to plot a 50 kHz Gaussian RF pulse with 60% bandwidth, sampled at a rate of 1 MHz. Truncate the pulse where the envelope falls 40 dB below the peak.

tc = gauspuls('cutoff',50e3,0.6,[],-40);
t = -tc : 1e-6 : tc;
yi = gauspuls(t,50e3,0.6);
plot(t,yi)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type line.

See Also

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