# find all anonymous function in a workspace

3 vues (au cours des 30 derniers jours)
Leo Simon le 17 Déc 2021
Commenté : Leo Simon le 17 Déc 2021
There surely has to be a way of doing this: finding all anonymous functions in a specified workspace.
Presumably the solution involves using `whos` but I can't find it on web.
For a specific example suppose my workspace has the following variables
f = @x) x^2 ;
g = @(z,y) x^3 + z;
a = rand(5,3);
b = a^3 + 5;
I want a command that will identify (and return) f and g. A bonus would be for the command to list the arguments of f and g, but I can live without that.
Thanks for any suggestions.
##### 2 commentairesAfficher AucuneMasquer Aucune
Steven Lord le 17 Déc 2021
What's your application? Why are you trying to do this / how would you use this information?
If you're trying to generate a list of possible objective functions to pass into an optimization function, an ODE solver, an integration function, etc. know that some of those functions may accept objects that have an feval method as their "function" input. So you may not be generating all the possible values available for use in that function.
Leo Simon le 17 Déc 2021
In poorly written code, I have many anonymous functions; in some, the only arguments are endogenous variables; in others the arguments include parameters in addition. E.g.,
f = @(x,y) a*x + b*y
g = @(x,y,a,b) a*x +b*y
I obviously don't want two functions that are intended to do the same thing, so I'm going to rewrite f as below, but first I need to find all the duplicates. Applying func2str to the elements of @Benjamin 's and @Walter Roberson answer should do the trick!
f = @(x,y) g(x,y,a,b)

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

### Réponse acceptée

Walter Roberson le 17 Déc 2021
Borrowing heavily from @Benjamin
f = @(x) x^2 ;
g = @(z,y) y^3 + z;
h = @sin; % This is NOT an anonymous function!!!!
a = rand(5,3);
b = a.^3 + 5;
S = whos();
names = {S.name};
classes = {S.class};
function_handle_names = names(strcmp(classes,'function_handle'))
info = cellfun(@(S) functions(evalin('caller', S)), function_handle_names, 'uniform', 0);
issimple = strcmp(cellfun(@(S)S.type, info, 'uniform', 0), 'simple');
anonymous_functions = function_handle_names(~issimple)
##### 6 commentairesAfficher 4 commentaires plus anciensMasquer 4 commentaires plus anciens
Walter Roberson le 17 Déc 2021
I do not see it?
f = @(x) x^2 ;
g = @(z,y) y^3 + z;
h = @sin; % This is NOT an anonymous function!!!!
a = rand(5,3);
b = a.^3 + 5;
S = whos();
names = {S.name};
classes = {S.class};
function_handle_names = names(strcmp(classes,'function_handle'))
function_handle_names = 1×3 cell array
{'f'} {'g'} {'h'}
info = cellfun(@(S) functions(evalin('caller', S)), function_handle_names, 'uniform', 0);
issimple = strcmp(cellfun(@(S)S.type, info, 'uniform', 0), 'simple');
anonymous_functions = function_handle_names(~issimple)
anonymous_functions = 1×2 cell array
{'f'} {'g'}
Not here, and not on my desktop machine.
Remember that it is extracting information from whos() and the anonymous functions I create for info and issimple are not done until after whos() is run, so curly would have had to have been in your workspace already for it to show up.
Leo Simon le 17 Déc 2021
Ugh, sorry, it was in my startup script, shouidl have checked that. It's instructive though. I guess the pure way to be sure would be to run the info command before and after running the program, then do a setdiff to find the added anon functions.

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

### Plus de réponses (1)

Voss le 17 Déc 2021
% set up some variables in the workspace:
f = @(x) x^2 ;
g = @(z,y) y^3 + z;
a = rand(5,3);
b = a.^3 + 5;
S = whos();
names = {S.name};
classes = {S.class};
function_handle_names = names(strcmp(classes,'function_handle'));
display(function_handle_names);
function_handle_names = 1×2 cell array
{'f'} {'g'}
##### 2 commentairesAfficher AucuneMasquer Aucune
Stephen23 le 17 Déc 2021
This finds all function handles, not anonymous functions as the question requests.
f = @(x) x^2 ;
g = @(z,y) y^3 + z;
h = @sin; % This is NOT an anonymous function!!!!
a = rand(5,3);
b = a.^3 + 5;
S = whos();
names = {S.name};
classes = {S.class};
function_handle_names = names(strcmp(classes,'function_handle'));
display(function_handle_names);
function_handle_names = 1×3 cell array
{'f'} {'g'} {'h'}
Voss le 17 Déc 2021
That's a good point.

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

### Catégories

En savoir plus sur Loops and Conditional Statements dans Help Center et File Exchange

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by