# I'm trying to do simple averaging in Simulink and need some help with it.

21 vues (au cours des 30 derniers jours)
Guillermo le 9 Nov 2011
Assume AI'm acquiring a noisy signal at 1 mS interval and I want to get 1 point every 50 mS. I would like to collect the data for the 50 mS and spit out an average for logging. I'm not sure how to do it.
Any simple solutions would be appreciated.
##### 0 commentairesAfficher -2 commentaires plus anciensMasquer -2 commentaires plus anciens

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

### Réponse acceptée

Alexander Bottema le 9 Nov 2011
function y = my_average(u) %# codegen
persistent i buf bufSum;
if isempty(buf)
buf = zeros(1,50);
bufSum = 0;
i = 1;
end
bufSum = bufSum - buf(i);
buf(i) = u;
bufSum = bufSum + u;
i = i + 1;
if i > numel(buf)
i = 1;
end
y = bufSum / numel(buf);
##### 2 commentairesAfficher AucuneMasquer Aucune
Guillermo le 9 Nov 2011
Thank you, I will try to make this a sub-system and I hope it works in simulink...
Guillermo le 9 Nov 2011
It seems to have worked. It generates a warning at every iteration but I can live with that.
Thank you,

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

### Plus de réponses (4)

Fangjun Jiang le 9 Nov 2011
Use the "Weighted Moving Average" block from Simulink>Discrete, click help for details.
##### 2 commentairesAfficher AucuneMasquer Aucune
Guillermo le 9 Nov 2011
I don't have a Weighted Moving Average" block. I tried to create one with the following:
****************************************************
function Vector_out = fcn(Raw_In, Vector_in)
%#codegen
Vector_in = circshift(Vector_in, [1,1]);
Vector_in(1) = Raw_In;
Vector_out(:) = Vector_in(:);
******************************************************
Vector_in is initialized by a data store block
and then Vector_out would be summed with the Sum of elements block then divided by the dimension. In this way I would have a moving average which is more desirable but a block average would do too.
If this sparks ideas let me know. It didn't work for me because I could not use the data store block to define the vector_in or Out I don't recall which.
Fangjun Jiang le 9 Nov 2011
Use the new Discrete FIR Filter, http://www.mathworks.com/help/toolbox/simulink/slref/discretefirfilter.html

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

Walter Roberson le 9 Nov 2011
Feed the signal in to an integration block that is reset to 0 every 50 samples; take the 50th output and divide it by 50 to get the average for that period.
There might be a cleaner way to only trigger the output collection every 50 outputs and tie that in to the integration block being cleared right afterwards.
##### 1 commentaireAfficher -1 commentaires plus anciensMasquer -1 commentaires plus anciens
Guillermo le 9 Nov 2011
I would like to try this, but I'm not yet very familiar with simulink. How do it set up the integration block?
The initial condition is set to 0, how about the saturation limits? and the Ignore limit and reset when linearizing check box?
Thanks again,

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

Guillermo le 9 Nov 2011
I got my code to work too, thanks to the sample by Alexander. The two codes give the same result and I'm not sure either which is more efficient. I tried passing the number of elements n to acquire so that I can pass a number of points to average but got an error...
function y = fcn(u)
%#codegen
persistent i n buf;
if isempty (buf)
i = 0;
n = 50;
buf = NaN(50,1);
end
buf = circshift(buf, [1,1]);
buf(1) = u;
n = numel(~isnan(buf));
y = sum(buf)/n;
##### 0 commentairesAfficher -2 commentaires plus anciensMasquer -2 commentaires plus anciens

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

Martin Murtagh le 23 Mar 2021
I have replaced the moving average block in my models with the subsystem shown. By setting the delay length to the moving average value divided by the time-step and the gain value to one over the moving average value, this subsystem will calcuate the moving average in the same way as the moving average function with a sliding window.
##### 0 commentairesAfficher -2 commentaires plus anciensMasquer -2 commentaires plus anciens

Connectez-vous pour commenter.

### Catégories

En savoir plus sur Signal Operations dans Help Center et File Exchange

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by