Particle swarm optimization implementation error

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@all please I need your suggestion and help on this code using pso
for num_acur= 1:1:num_aopt
[a_opt, Fval, exitFlag]=fminunc(@W,a_init,options);
Rewriting this Using Pso
for num_acur = 1:1:num_aopt
fun = @W;
lb = [-30,-30,-30,-30];
ub =[100,10,10,10];
% options = optimoptions('particleswarm','SwarmSize',100);
%options = optimoptions('particleswarm','SwarmSize',50,'HybridFcn',@fmincon);
nvars = 4;
[a_opt, Fval, exitFlag] = particleswarm(fun,nvars,lb,ub);%,options);
Error using horzcat
Dimensions of arrays being concatenated are not consistent.
Error in code ()

Answers (1)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 1 Nov 2019
[a_opt, Fval, exitFlag] = particleswarm(fun,nvars,lb,ub);%,options);
The first output from particleswarm is a row vector with length equal to the number of variables -- so 1 x 4 in your case. The second output is the scalar function result.
You use conjugate transpose on the 1 x 4, which will give you a 4 x 1. You use it with [] with the scalar Fval, so you are trying to horizontally concatenate a vector with 4 rows and a vector with 1 row. That is not a permitted operation.
You need to either not transpose a_opt and lb, or else you need to use ; instead of , in the [] so that you construct a column.
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 9 Nov 2019
There would need to be a function header at the top and an end at the bottom of that in order for that to make use of nested functions and shared variables.

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