Main Content

transclosure

Transitive closure

Description

example

H = transclosure(G) returns the transitive closure of graph G as a new graph, H. The nodes in H are the same as those in G, but H has additional edges. If there is a path from node i to node j in G, then there is an edge between node i and node j in H. For multigraphs with multiple edges between the same two nodes, the output graph replaces these with a single edge.

Examples

collapse all

Create and plot a directed graph.

G = digraph([1 2 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 8],[2 3 5 1 3 6 6 7 8 9 9 9]);
plot(G)

Find the transitive closure of graph G and plot the resulting graph. H contains the same nodes as G, but has additional edges.

H = transclosure(G);
plot(H)

The transitive closure information in H can be used to answer reachability questions about the original graph, G.

Determine the nodes in G that can be reached from node 1. These nodes are the successors of node 1 in the transitive closure graph, H.

N = successors(H,1)
N = 7×1

     2
     3
     5
     6
     7
     8
     9

Create and plot a directed graph.

s = [1 1 2 2 3 4 4 5];
t = [2 4 3 4 5 5 6 6];
G = digraph(s,t);
plot(G,'Layout','subspace')

Calculate the adjacency matrix of the transitive closure of G. The result is a reachability matrix, which has nonzero values to indicate which nodes are reachable from each node.

D = transclosure(G);
R = full(adjacency(D))
R = 6×6

     0     1     1     1     1     1
     0     0     1     1     1     1
     0     0     0     0     1     1
     0     0     0     0     1     1
     0     0     0     0     0     1
     0     0     0     0     0     0

For example, to answer the question "Which nodes are reachable from node 3?", you can look at the third row in the matrix. That row indicates only nodes 5 and 6 are reachable from node 3:

find(R(3,:))
ans = 1×2

     5     6

Input Arguments

collapse all

Input graph, specified as a digraph object. Use digraph to create a directed graph object.

Example: G = digraph([1 2],[2 3])

Output Arguments

collapse all

Transitive closure of G, returned as a digraph object. The table G.Nodes is copied to H, but any properties in G.Edges are dropped.

Use successors(H,n) to determine the nodes in G that are reachable from node n.

More About

collapse all

Transitive Closure

The transitive closure of a graph describes the paths between the nodes. If there is a path from node i to node j in a graph, then an edge exists between node i and node j in the transitive closure of that graph. Thus, for a given node in the graph, the transitive closure turns any reachable node into a direct successor (descendant) of that node.

Introduced in R2015b