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Pause code execution to achieve desired execution rate



waitfor(rate) pauses execution until the code reaches the desired execution rate. The function accounts for the time that is spent executing code between waitfor calls.

numMisses = waitfor(rate) returns the number of iterations missed while executing code between calls.


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Create a rate object that runs at 1 Hz.

r = rateControl(1);

Start a loop using the rateControl object inside to control the loop execution. Reset the object prior to the loop execution to reset timer. Print the iteration and time elapsed.

for i = 1:10
	time = r.TotalElapsedTime;
	fprintf('Iteration: %d - Time Elapsed: %f\n',i,time)
Iteration: 1 - Time Elapsed: 0.003162
Iteration: 2 - Time Elapsed: 1.001236
Iteration: 3 - Time Elapsed: 2.001661
Iteration: 4 - Time Elapsed: 3.001365
Iteration: 5 - Time Elapsed: 4.001164
Iteration: 6 - Time Elapsed: 5.000767
Iteration: 7 - Time Elapsed: 6.000370
Iteration: 8 - Time Elapsed: 7.000482
Iteration: 9 - Time Elapsed: 8.000563
Iteration: 10 - Time Elapsed: 9.000335

Each iteration executes at a 1-second interval.

Input Arguments

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Rate object, specified as a handle. This object contains the information for the desired rate and other information about the execution. See rateControl for more information.

Output Arguments

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Number of missed task executions, returned as a scalar. waitfor (Robotics System Toolbox) returns the number of times the task was missed in the Rate object based on the LastPeriod time. For example, if the desired rate is 1 Hz and the last period was 3.2 seconds, numMisses returns 3.

Introduced in R2016a