# impulse

Impulse response for rational function object

## Syntax

``[response,tout] = impulse(h,ts,n)``

## Description

example

````[response,tout] = impulse(h,ts,n)` computes the impulse response of a rational function object, `h`, over a time period specified by `ts` and the number of samples `n`. NoteWhile you can compute the output response for a rational function object by computing the impulse response of the object and then convolving that response with the input signal, this approach is not recommended. Instead, you should use the `timeresp` method to perform this computation because it generally gives a more accurate output signal for a given input signal. ```

## Examples

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Create a `sparameters` object from a file and use `rfparam` to extract the ${\mathit{S}}_{21}$parameters.

```S = sparameters('passive.s2p'); S21 = rfparam(S,2,1);```

Fit a rational function object to the ${\mathit{S}}_{21}$ data by using `rationalfit`.

```freq = S.Frequencies; fit_data = rationalfit(freq,S21)```
```fit_data = rfmodel.rational with properties: A: [6x1 double] C: [6x1 double] D: 0 Delay: 0 Name: 'Rational Function' ```

Calculate the impulse response using the `impulse` method and plot the results.

```[resp,t] = impulse(fit_data,1e-12,1e3); plot(t,resp);``` Perform rational fitting on a S-parameters object to create a rational function.

```S = sparameters('passive.s2p'); fit = rational(S);```

Compute the impulse response using the `impulse` method.

`[resp,t] = impulse(fit,1e-12,1e2)`
```resp=2×2 cell array {100x1 double} {100x1 double} {100x1 double} {100x1 double} ```
```t=2×2 cell array {100x1 double} {100x1 double} {100x1 double} {100x1 double} ```

Plot the results of the S21 data.

```plot(t{2,1},resp{2,1}) xlabel('Frequency (Hz)'); ylabel('Impulse Response of S21');``` ## Input Arguments

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Rational function object, specified as a `rationalfit` or a `rational` object.

Data Types: `double`
Complex Number Support: Yes

Sample time of the computed impulse response, specified as a positive scalar integer in seconds.

Data Types: `double`

Number of samples in the impulse response, specified as a positive scalar integer.

Data Types: `double`

## Output Arguments

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Computed impulse response, returned as an n element real vector of impulse response values.

Sample time of the output signal, returned as a nonnegative vector of time values with discrete step size `ts` corresponding to the data in `response` in seconds.

Data Types: `double`

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### Impulse Response And Time Samples Equation

RF Toolbox™ uses the following equation to for the impulse response:

`$resp=\sum _{k=1}^{M}{C}_{k}{e}^{{A}_{k}\left(t-Delay\right)}u\left(t-Delay\right)+D\delta \left(t-Delay\right)$`

where

• `A`, `C`, `D`, and `Delay` are properties of the rational function object, `h`.

• `M` is the number of poles in the rational function object.

The vector of time samples of the impulse response, `t`, is computed from the inputs as `t = [0,ts,2*ts,...,(n-1)*ts]`

## Version History

Introduced in R2006b