the upper and lower envelopes of the input sequence,
yupper,ylower] = envelope(
as the magnitude of its analytic signal. The analytic signal of
found using the discrete Fourier transform as implemented in
hilbert. The function initially removes
the mean of
x and adds it back after computing
the envelopes. If
x is a matrix, then
independently over each column of
envelope(___) with no output
arguments plots the signal and its upper and lower envelopes. This
syntax accepts any of the input arguments from previous syntaxes.
Generate a quadratic chirp modulated by a Gaussian. Specify a sample rate of 2 kHz and a signal duration of 2 seconds.
t = 0:1/2000:2-1/2000; q = chirp(t-2,4,1/2,6,'quadratic',100,'convex').*exp(-4*(t-1).^2); plot(t,q)
Compute the upper and lower envelopes of the chirp using the analytic signal.
[up,lo] = envelope(q); hold on plot(t,up,t,lo,'linewidth',1.5) legend('q','up','lo') hold off
The signal is asymmetric due to the nonzero mean.
envelope without output arguments to plot the signal and envelopes as a function of sample number.
Create a two-channel signal sampled at 1 kHz for 3 seconds:
One channel is an exponentially decaying sinusoid. Specify a frequency of 7 Hz and a time constant of 2 seconds.
The other channel is a time-displaced Gaussian-modulated chirp with a DC value of 2. Specify an initial chirp frequency of 30 Hz that decays to 5 Hz after 2 seconds.
Plot the signal.
t = 0:1/1000:3; q1 = sin(2*pi*7*t).*exp(-t/2); q2 = chirp(t,30,2,5).*exp(-(2*t-3).^2)+2; q = [q1;q2]'; plot(t,q)
Compute the upper and lower envelopes of the signal. Use a Hilbert filter with a length of 100. Plot the channels and the envelopes. Use solid lines for the upper envelopes and dashed lines for the lower envelopes.
[up,lo] = envelope(q,100,'analytic'); hold on plot(t,up,'-',t,lo,'--') hold off
envelope without output arguments to produce a plot of the signal and its envelopes as a function of sample number. Increase the filter length to 300 to obtain a smoother shape. The
'analytic' flag is the default when you specify two input arguments.
Compute and plot the moving RMS envelopes of a recording of a train whistle. Use a window with a length of 150 samples.
Plot the upper and lower peak envelopes of a speech signal smoothed over 30-sample intervals.
Create and plot a signal that resembles the initial detection of a light pulse propagating through a dispersive medium.
t = 0.5:-1/100:-2.49; z = airy(t*10).*exp(-t.^2); plot(z)
Determine the envelopes of the sequence using the magnitude of its analytic signal. Plot the envelopes.
Compute the analytic envelope of the signal using a 50-tap Hilbert filter.
Compute the RMS envelope of the signal using a 40-sample moving window. Plot the result.
Determine the peak envelopes. Use spline interpolation with not-a-knot conditions over local maxima separated by at least 10 samples.
x— Input sequence
Input sequence, specified as a vector or matrix. If
a vector, it is treated as a single channel. If
a matrix, then
envelope computes the envelope estimates
independently for each column. All elements of
a single-channel row-vector signal.
a two-channel signal.
fl— Hilbert filter length
Hilbert filter length, specified as a positive integer scalar.
The filter is created by windowing an ideal brick-wall filter with
a Kaiser window of length
fl and shape parameter β = 8.
wl— Window length
Window length, specified as a positive integer scalar.
np— Peak separation
Peak separation, specified as a positive integer scalar.
yupper,ylower— Upper and lower signal envelopes
Upper and lower signal envelopes, returned as vectors or matrices.
Usage notes and limitations:
Plotting is supported for simulation only. It is not supported in standalone code.