# Coplanar Waveguide Transmission Line

Model coplanar waveguide transmission line

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• RF Blockset / Equivalent Baseband / Transmission Lines

• ## Description

The Coplanar Waveguide Transmission Line block models the coplanar waveguide transmission line described in the block dialog box in terms of its frequency-dependent S-parameters. A coplanar waveguide transmission line is shown in cross-section in the following figure. Its physical characteristics include the conductor width (w), the conductor thickness (t), the slot width (s), the substrate height (d), and the relative permittivity constant (ε). ## Parameters

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### Main

Physical width of the conductor of the coplanar waveguide, specified as a scalar in meters.

Physical width of the slot of the coplanar waveguide, specified as a scalar in meters.

Thickness of the dielectric on which the conductor resides in the coplanar waveguide, specified as a scalar in meters.

Physical thickness of the conductor in which wave propagates.

Relative permittivity of the dielectric, expressed as the ratio of the permittivity of the dielectric to permittivity in free space ε0.

Loss tangent of dielectric, specified as a scalar.

Conductivity measures the ease with which current flows in the conductor.

Physical length of the transmission line, specified in meters.

The block enables you to model the transmission line as a stub or as a stubless line.

#### Stubless Transmission Line

• `Not a stub`Not a stub

If you model a coaxial transmission line as stubless line, the Coaxial Transmission Line block first calculates the ABCD-parameters at each frequency contained in the modeling frequencies vector. It then uses the `abcd2s` function to convert the ABCD-parameters to S-parameters. For more info, see Stub Mode- Not a stub.

#### Shunt Transmission Line

• `Shunt`—This parameter provides a two-port network that consists of a stub transmission line that you can terminate with either a short circuit or an open circuit as shown in these diagrams. Zin is the input impedance of the shunt circuit. The ABCD-parameters for the shunt stub are calculated as

`$\begin{array}{c}A=1\\ B=0\\ C=1/{Z}_{in}\\ D=1\end{array}$`

#### Series Transmission Line

• `Series`—This mode parameter provides a two-port network that consists of a series transmission line that you can terminate with either a short circuit or an open circuit as show in these diagrams. Zin is the input impedance of the series circuit. The ABCD-parameters for the series stub are calculated as

`$\begin{array}{c}A=1\\ B={Z}_{in}\\ C=0\\ D=1\end{array}$`

Stub termination for stub modes `Shunt` and `Series`. Choices are `Open` or `Short`

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, select `Shunt` or `Series` in Stub mode

### Visualization

When Source of frequency data is `User-specified`, specify as a vector of frequencies in the Frequency data parameter.

Frequency data range, specified as a vector in hertz.

#### Dependencies

To set this parameter, first select `User-specified` in Source of amplifier gain. This selection activates the Visualization Tab which contains Source of frequency data

Reference impedance of the coaxial transmission line, specified as a scalar in ohms.

Type of data plot that you want to produce with your data specified as :

• `X-Y plane` — Generate a Cartesian plot of your data versus frequency. To create linear, semi-log, or log-log plots, set the Y scale and X scale accordingly.

• `Composite data`—The composite data plot automatically generates four separate plots in one figure window, showing the frequency dependence of several parameters.

• `Polar plane` — Generate a polar plot of your data. The block plots only the range of data corresponding to the specified frequencies.

• `Z Smith chart`, ```Y Smith chart```, and ```ZY Smith chart``` — Generate a Smith® chart of your data. The block plots only the range of data corresponding to the specified frequencies.

Type of parameters to plot, specified as one of the following `S11`, `S12`, `S21`, `S22`, `GroupDelay`, `GammaIn`, `GammaOut`, `VSWRIn`, `VSWROut`, `OIP3`, `IIP3`, `TF1`, `TF2`, `TF3`, `Gt`, `Ga`, `Gp`, `Gmag`, `Gmsg`, `GammaMS`, `GammaML`, `K`, `Delta`, `Mu` or `MuPrime`. When noise is spectral `NF`, `NFactor` and `NTemp` plotting is possible.

Type of parameters to plot, specified as one of the following `S11`, `S12`, `S21`, `S22`, `GroupDelay`, `GammaIn`, `GammaOut`, `VSWRIn`, `VSWROut`, `OIP3`, `IIP3`, `TF1`, `TF2`, `TF3`, `Gt`, `Ga`, `Gp`, `Gmag`, `Gmsg`, `GammaMS`, `GammaML`, `K`, `Delta`, `Mu` or `MuPrime`. When noise is spectral `NF`, `NFactor` and `NTemp` plotting is possible.

Plot format, specified as one of the following ```Magnitude (decibels)```, `Angle (degrees)`, `Real`, or `Imaginary`.

Plot format, specified as one of the following ```Magnitude (decibels)```, `Angle(degrees)`, `Real`, or `Imaginary`.

Parameter, specified as `Freq`. This parameter determines the data for x-axes on the X-Y plane plot.

Plot format, specified as one of the following `Hz`, `Auto`, `KHz`, `MHz`, `GHz` or `THz`.

Y-axis scale, specified as `Linear` or `Log`.

X-axis scale, specified as `Linear` or `Log`.

Plot the specified data using the plot button.