# Make a 2D plot with one arbitrary axis

3 vues (au cours des 30 derniers jours)
Majid Vaghari le 22 Jan 2022
Commenté : Majid Vaghari le 24 Jan 2022
I’d like to make a 2D plot like the attached file in MATLAB. My problems are: 1. As the vertical axis is arbitrary, how can I plot a 1D- vector in MATLAB with x, y? I mean we have just data for x-axis (VEC) and how we can plot this vector in a 2D plot while the y-axis is arbitrary? VEC=[2 6 4.5 5 3 6.2 8 2.4]; 2. How can I add those dashed vertical line in a 2D plot? 3. How can fill the inside of the plot with colors? I mean left hand side of the dashed vertical line with a yellow (for example)? Is that possible to make different filling color for each section between the vertical dashed lines? (just like the attached file)
Best, Majid
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Ive J le 22 Jan 2022
Please use paper clip icon to attach.
Majid Vaghari le 22 Jan 2022

Attached file

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### Réponse acceptée

Ive J le 22 Jan 2022
Modifié(e) : Ive J le 22 Jan 2022
bpoints = [6.88, 7.84];
color = summer(numel(bpoints) + 1); % or whatever colors you like
v = [5 6.2 8, 9];
h = plot(v, v, 'LineStyle', 'none');
h.Parent.Box = 'on';
ylim = h.Parent.YLim;
xlim = h.Parent.XLim;
h.Parent.YTickLabel = [];
bpoints(end + 1) = xlim(2);
offset = xlim(1);
for i = 1:numel(bpoints)
xx = [offset, bpoints(i), bpoints(i), offset];
yy = [ylim(1), ylim(1), ylim(2), ylim(2)];
patch(h.Parent, 'XData', xx, 'YData', yy, 'FaceColor', color(i, :), ...
'EdgeColor', 'none', 'FaceAlpha', 0.5)
offset = bpoints(i);
if i < numel(bpoints)
xline(h.Parent, bpoints(i), '--', 'LineWidth', 1.4)
end
end
xlabel('VEC')
h.Parent.FontSize = 12;
h.Parent.FontWeight = 'bold';
And then you can add text objects wherever you need (for dots/squares you can also use scatter or plot)
doc text
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Ive J le 22 Jan 2022
Modifié(e) : Ive J le 22 Jan 2022
Not sure about it. What happens if you try without axes handle?
patch('XData', xx, 'YData', yy, 'FaceColor', color(i, :), ...
'EdgeColor', 'none', 'FaceAlpha', 0.5)
Or even only with xx and yy?
patch('XData', xx, 'YData', yy)
Majid Vaghari le 24 Jan 2022
It does not work by each of the option. BTW there is no xline in MATLAB R2014B.
Thanks anyway, maybe I would change my MATLAB VERSION.
BEST
MAJID

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### Plus de réponses (1)

Ahmed raafat le 22 Jan 2022
Modifié(e) : Ahmed raafat le 22 Jan 2022
fill command will be suitable define your 3 squares as vectors , for y make it equal 1 for your graph I think
x1=[6.4 6.88 6.88 6.4 6.4];
y=[0 0 1 1 0];
x2=[6.88 7.84 7.84 6.88 6.88];
x3=[7.84 9 9 7.84 7.84];
d1=[6.88 6.88];
d2=[7.84 7.84];
figure(1)
fill(x1,y,'g')
hold on
fill(x2,y,'r')
fill(x3,y,'g')
plot(d1,[0,1],'b:')
plot(d2,[0,1],'b:')
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