# How to obtain the outermost elements of a 2D matrix ?

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Mehmet on 12 Oct 2022
Commented: Akira Agata on 12 Oct 2022
Hello everyone,
How can I obtain the outermost elements of a 2D matrix ?
(For example, the elements that are highlighted in the following picture)

Akira Agata on 12 Oct 2022
% Sample matrix
M = magic(5);
% Replace non-outermost element as NaN
M(2:end-1, 2:end-1) = nan;
% Extract the outermost elements
idx = isnan(M);
OuterElements = M(~idx)
OuterElements = 16×1
17 23 4 10 11 24 18 1 25 8
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Akira Agata on 12 Oct 2022
OK, then how about the follwing solution?
% Sample matrix
M = magic(5)
M = 5×5
17 24 1 8 15 23 5 7 14 16 4 6 13 20 22 10 12 19 21 3 11 18 25 2 9
% Extract the outermost elements in anti-clockwise manner
OuterElements = M(1:end-1, 1);
for kk = 1:3
M = rot90(M, -1);
OuterElements = [OuterElements; M(1:end-1, 1)];
end
% Show the result
OuterElements
OuterElements = 16×1
17 23 4 10 11 18 25 2 9 3

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