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Function changes its behavior at each iteration of a for loop

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kerin
kerin on 23 Mar 2015
Commented: kerin on 24 Mar 2015
Hi everyone, the problem is as follows, i want in a for loop change the behavior of a function at each iteration. Suppose the following for loop F or k = 1:4 B = Min_or_max([k 2 4]); end Let’s assume I have 2 functions called Compute_min and Compute_max computing respectively the maximum and the minimum value of a given vector/array taken as input parameter. I want that at the first iteration of the for loop compute_min is used instead of min_or_max and at the second iteration of the loop the function compute_max is used and so on.. Note that the for loop is placed in a function which takes as input a parameter, which should specify which function of (compute_min and compute_max ) should be used at which step. Example : for a = compute_min and b = compute_max the input parameter of the function in which the for loop is located can take the form [a b a a ] ; which means compute_min is used at the first iteration , compute_max is used at the second iteration , then compute_min at the third and again compute_min at the fourth iteration.
Many Thanks guys

Accepted Answer

Stephen
Stephen on 23 Mar 2015
Edited: Stephen on 23 Mar 2015
If you have two (or more) pre-defined functions that you wish to select between in a loop, then you could consider using function handles to select and pass the functions. Something like this:
fun = {@min,@max};
idx = [1,2,1,1];
mat = [1,2,3,4;5,6,7,8;9,10,11,12];
out = nan(size(idx));
for k = 1:numel(idx)
out(k) = fun{idx(k)}(mat(:,k));
end
where
>> mat
mat = 1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12
>> out
out = 1 10 3 4
shows that it has taken the minimum of columns 1, 3, and 4, and the maximum of column 2, exactly as the vector idx selected. How it works:
  • fun is a cell array of the function handles that you want to call.
  • idx is a vector of the indices of the functions in fun to call on each loop.
  • mat is some fake numeric data, with as many columns as idx has elements.
  • out is the min/max value of each column of mat, depending on which function was selected for that column by the corresponding index in idx.
  3 Comments
kerin
kerin on 24 Mar 2015
ohh yessssssssss !!!!!! u're amazing !!! Thanks.. be blessed !!

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More Answers (1)

wil
wil on 23 Mar 2015
We'll call your input parameter list 'param', you can do something like the following:
for k= 1:4
switch param(k)
case 'a'
B = Compute_min([k 2 4]);
case 'b'
B = Compute_max([k 2 4]);
otherwise
% handle invalid param
end
end
Which checks the index of the parameters and calls the corresponding function depending on the value.
Wil

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