# Matlab creates same input values every time? Why?

3 vues (au cours des 30 derniers jours)
Abdullah Türk le 26 Sep 2023
Commenté : Abdullah Türk le 26 Sep 2023
Hi everybody,
I'm creating processing times as follows:
function [ processing_times ] = PT( number_of_activity )
number_of_activity = 12;
min= 100;
max = 2500;
processing_times = randi([min max],1,number_of_activity)';
end
When I run this code, I obtain 12x1 matrix as follows:
1481
1372
760
696
1184
646
2031
2467
172
1386
309
2025
After that, I quit the Matlab and open it again.
I run the same code and I obtain the same 12x1 matrix. This is possible? I use
randi([min max],1,number_of_activity)'
code. This code includes randomness. How can I obtain the exactly same value when every time I close and reopen the Matlab. Shouldn't the Matlab give me different values every time I open and close it?
I use Matlab 2015a and I ran this code in 2023a but I encountered the same problem again.
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### Réponse acceptée

Torsten le 26 Sep 2023
Modifié(e) : Torsten le 26 Sep 2023
Shouldn't the Matlab give me different values every time I open and close it?
No. But you get different values if you call the function several times in one run.
Selecting
rng("shuffle")
at the start of your code should also give you different random numbers for different runs:
But usually this is not desirable because the results from one run should be reproducable.
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Torsten le 26 Sep 2023
Modifié(e) : Torsten le 26 Sep 2023
How and where should I use rng("shuffle") in my code?
As first line in your main script.
Abdullah Türk le 26 Sep 2023
Torsten, I positioned rng('shuffle') at first line in my code as follows and the problem has solved. Thank you.
clc;
clear;
rng('shuffle')
% numWorkers = 2;
% pool = parpool('local', numWorkers, 'IdleTimeout', Inf);
activities = [12 16 20];
pactivities = [5 7 9];
workers = [200 250 300];
skills = [5 10 15];
I learned a new information about Matlab. I've been trying for hours for problem and rng('shuffle') solved it. Thanks again :)

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### Plus de réponses (3)

Karl Cronburg le 26 Sep 2023
Modifié(e) : Karl Cronburg le 26 Sep 2023
You can get a random seed based on the current operating system time with the rng function:
rng("shuffle");
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Abdullah Türk le 26 Sep 2023
Karl Cronburg, when every time I open Matlab every time, "how does it give me same processeing times" I said myself. But, it has a logical explanation, thanks for your contribution for the problem.

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Walter Roberson le 26 Sep 2023
Every time you load matlab, it does the equivalent of rng('default') which initializes the seed to 0.
It is expected that the random number order is the same starting from the beginning of each MATLAB session.
Caution: although you can use rng('shuffle') to initialize the seed based on the current time, doing so is not considered secure. Do not use it for producing seeds for cryptographic communications, or for producing seeds for drawing lottery numbers. Creating good seeds for secure purposes is hard
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Steven Lord le 26 Sep 2023
Others have told you how to get the numbers to not repeat after startup. But to answer your "Why?" question, this is expected behavior. See this documentation page that explains why this happens.
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Abdullah Türk le 26 Sep 2023
"Why Do Random Numbers Repeat After Startup?"
Steven Lord, thank you. I read the the article. There are very useful information in it. Thanks.

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