# adding next values in an array

41 views (last 30 days)
Nikolas Spiliopoulos on 17 Feb 2017
Edited: Nikolas Spiliopoulos on 17 Feb 2017
hi all, I have a question
I have a vector like this [1;2;3;-5;-6;2;3], when it's negative i would like to add in the next value and get something like that [1;2;3;-5;-11;-9;-6]. Which means when it's negative it starts adding the next value!
the thing is that i have an array with 48x258 dimensions, so the example above would be for each column!
thanks a lot!
##### 4 CommentsShowHide 3 older comments
Nikolas Spiliopoulos on 17 Feb 2017
not really, i just need the logic for n elements,
in my real case it wont be my last element negative. This is just an example to understand the logic. thanks!

Sign in to comment.

### Accepted Answer

Guillaume on 17 Feb 2017
Edited: Guillaume on 17 Feb 2017
M = [1 2 3 -5 -6 2 3]' %demo data
M + cumsum([zeros(1, size(M, 2)); M(1:end-1, :)] .* (cumsum(M<0, 1)>1), 1)
Will do what you want on any sized matrix.
Explanation of above code:
1. M<0 finds sign of M
2. cumsum(M<0, 1) will be 1 or more at the first negative value in each column
3. cumsum(M<0, 1)>1 will be one after the first negative value all the way down
4. [zeros(1, size(M, 2)); M(1:end-1, :)] is M shifted down by one row
5. 4.*5 filters the shifted M so that all positive values before the first negative values are 0 AND the first negative value is 0
6. cumsum of 6 + M is the desired result
##### 1 CommentShowHide None
Nikolas Spiliopoulos on 17 Feb 2017
Edited: Nikolas Spiliopoulos on 17 Feb 2017
thanks for the answer!! however, is there any way to do it with i and j (using for)? cos I would like to check if the sum value is negative or positive. If positive i need to stop the procedure until the next negative value! is it possible? thanks!

Sign in to comment.

### More Answers (1)

Alexandra Harkai on 17 Feb 2017
Considering the last element on a column will not be added to any other elements, you can loop through the whole thing:
function [a] = addNegatives(a)
for col = 1:size(a,2) % for each column
for k = 1:size(a, 1)-1 % don't do it for the last element
if a(k, col) < 0
a(k+1, col) = a(k, col) + a(k+1, col);
end
end
end
end
##### 0 CommentsShowHide -1 older comments

Sign in to comment.

### Categories

Find more on Operators and Elementary Operations in Help Center and File Exchange

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by