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Efficiently update MATLAB App Designer GUI real time from Simulink

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Nick le 10 Avr 2017
Commenté : Chinna le 6 Nov 2023
I have a Simulink model and a GUI made in app designer from which I control said model. So far I have been able to let the GUI and the Simulink model communicate both ways. The GUI sets parameter constant blocks in the model using set_param whereas the model updates the GUI through a callback using add_exec_event_listener. The GUI object resides in the model workspace.
In the startup callback of the model StartFcn I have the following code
blk = [model '/q-log']; % Block to bind listener to
event = 'PostOutputs'; % Event to bind to (fired at every sample)
app = getVariable(get_param(bdroot,'ModelWorkspace'),'app'); % The GUI
% The GUI is passed into the event handler and updated at every timestep
listener = @(obj,event) updategui(obj,event,app);
h = add_exec_event_listener(blk, event, listener);
The problem with this setup is that it is extremely slow. I'm not quite sure how to get it faster and if this is the way to go. I've looked at a lot of examples but none detail my needs.
So my question is if there is a faster or more efficient way to update the GUI fields and plots? It doesn't have to be hard real time but writing variables to workspace and importing it into the GUI afterwards not is not acceptable.
  2 commentaires
ying xiong
ying xiong le 28 Mai 2017
Hi, I have the same question with you, do you have any idea with this question now?
Chinna le 6 Nov 2023
Hi, I am also facing the issue. Can someone help me if there is a faster or more efficient way to update the GUI fields and plots?

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Réponse acceptée

Pablo Romero
Pablo Romero le 6 Oct 2018
Modifié(e) : Stefanie Schwarz le 21 Déc 2021
Hi Nick,
I suggest using the Simulink Real-Time API to update and tune parameters of the real-time application on run-time. Please check the documentation in the following link for a further explanation of the setparam command that will allow you to tune parameters more efficiently. https://www.mathworks.com/help/releases/R2020a/xpc/api/setparam.html
Using the standard Simulink commands get_param and set_param for tuning parameters is not recommended for a real-time application, because you have to update the model afterwards, what depending on the size and complexity of your model might take some time.
Hope this helps.

Plus de réponses (3)

ES le 29 Mai 2017
one way is instead of event listners, you can let the model update the gui.
For example, pause the model every cycle, read the values using get_param, runtimeobject and update the gui from the pause function.
  2 commentaires
Nick le 29 Mai 2017
In fact, it turns out that it is not possible at high sample rates. Doesn't matter where the update is carried out, be it through events or callbacks in Simulink. The appdesigner is just not designer to be updated at more than 20Hz.
Other than that, it works fine with any construct.
Camile van der Heijden
Camile van der Heijden le 31 Août 2017
Modifié(e) : Camile van der Heijden le 31 Août 2017
Hi Nick,
I have a very similar problem, where I was using a timer object within an appdesigner app to refresh a number of plots at 'high' refresh rates. Even at a 20 Hz frequency I'm running into severe stuttering/lag problems. I'm still using rather simple functions and a ODE model has yet to be incorporated. Did you finally manage to get your application working? If yes, how did you do it? (I'm currently debating rewriting everything in a different language, maybe Java or C++, even though I have very little experience in both.)

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Muharrem Akkaya
Muharrem Akkaya le 13 Déc 2018
Modifié(e) : Muharrem Akkaya le 13 Déc 2018
I am trying to do the exact same thing.
Can you share your code or explain how did you achieve?
  1 commentaire
Pablo Romero
Pablo Romero le 17 Déc 2018
Hi Muharrem,
The combination of timer class and drawnow gives usually a fast refresh rate on GUIs with AppDesigner.
To avoid additional processing when updating or retrieving parameters for real-time simulation, I usually suggest using the getparam and setparam functions from the Simulink Real-Time API instead of other functions because they are more performant. Please note that they are different from the more common get_param and set_param commands.
To get and display signal values, you can use either getsignal to get single signal values or signal logging with SDI for a complete data logging.

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Stefanie Schwarz
Stefanie Schwarz le 21 Déc 2021
Modifié(e) : Stefanie Schwarz le 21 Déc 2021


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