MATLAB Answers

Getting General Solution Using dsolve

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Sidaard Gunasekaran
Sidaard Gunasekaran on 11 Sep 2019
Answered: Guru Mohanty on 21 Jan 2020
I am trying to solve the equation below
ode(x) =
syms y(x)
RHS = (y + x*(x^2 + y^2)^(1/2))/(x - y*(x^2 + y^2)^(1/2))
ode = diff(y,x) == RHS
ysol = dsolve(ode,'IgnoreAnalyticConstraints', false)
But it is saying that it is unable to find explicit solution. In Wolfram Alpha however, the general solution came out to be
sqrt(x^2 + y(x)^2) + tan^(-1)(x/y(x)) = c_1
How do I get this in Matlab?

Answers (1)

Guru Mohanty
Guru Mohanty on 21 Jan 2020
Hi, I understand that you are not able to find solution through dsolve. The function dsolve can solve differential equations when variables are separable. However you can solve this differential equation using MATLAB Numerical Solver ode45. Here is a sample code.
tspan = -5:0.5:5; % Interval of Integration
y0 = 0; % Initial Condition
[x,y] = ode45(@(x,y)odefun(x,y), tspan,y0);
function dydx = odefun(x,y)
dydx = (y + x.*(x.^2 + y.^2).^(1/2))/(x - y.*(x.^2 + y.^2).^(1/2));

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