MATLAB Answers

0

How to display all decimal numbers for floating numbers?

Asked by Anne Nguyen on 15 Sep 2019
Latest activity Commented on by dpb
on 15 Sep 2019
The task I have to perform is take 2 user input numbers that must be floating numbers and add them together. However, when I do this, it cuts off at 4 decimal places. How do I make it so that it displays all decimal numbers? Do I have to use something with %f? I cannot use the "format" command. I am relatively new to MATLab, so any help would be appreciated! Below is what I have so far.

  0 Comments

Sign in to comment.

3 Answers

Answer by Bruno Luong
on 15 Sep 2019
 Accepted Answer

Try this
fprintf('num1+num2 = %1.16g\n',adding_num1_and_num2)

  2 Comments

Instead of %1.16g", am I allowed to use %f? I am also not allowed to use "g".
%f will display 6 digits by default. 6 digits is infinitely short of "all" of the decimal digits.

Sign in to comment.


Answer by Walter Roberson
on 15 Sep 2019

There are an infinite number of decimal 0's at the end of any floating point number, so it is not possible to make it display all of the decimal numbers.
It looks to me as if you are running MS Windows. The MS Windows internal libraries cannot correctly convert floating point numbers to show all stored decimals like Mac can (and newer versions of Linux can, I hear.)
You will need to use a routine such as num2strexact https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/22239-num2strexact-exact-version-of-num2str to get all of the representable digits.

  0 Comments

Sign in to comment.


Answer by dpb
on 15 Sep 2019

I'll guess for homework Q? the answer is less esoteric than Walter's take... :)
Yes, if you need more precision than the default display format and the instructor says using the format command to change display mode is not permitted for the assignment, then your supposition of using a formatting string is correct. One supposes the class has recently touched on that topic.
Without giving away the store on writing answer directly, look at one of the following options --
num2str() with an optional formatting string, or
fprintf() using the default 1 for the file ID to echo to the command line (presuming that's where you want the answer to be displayed). A default double has roughly 15 decimal digits of precision; you may have been instructed how many digits to display? Those should give hints on writing/displaying more significant digits...

  2 Comments

With fprintf, am I supposed to add %f at the end of the statement?
Read the doc...the argument list is fileID, fmtString, outputlist

Sign in to comment.