choose data points that nears each other and store in different matrix

4 vues (au cours des 30 derniers jours)
Laura
Laura le 17 Juil 2013
I have a matrix A that has dimension n x 2.
A(:,1) is x-values and A(:,2) is y values.
Choose the the pairs that is near each others within certain distance and store in matrix B that has x value in column 1 and y value in column 2.
Example
A= [1 1 ; 2 2 ; 5 5 ; so on]
let say if the distance we want to set is 2
then dist =sqrt((2-1)^2 +(2-1)^2) = sqrt(2) which is less than 2. So first and second pair are close.
store it in B
B= [1 1 ; 2 2; so on ]
Nothe this is example for 3 pairs and I have n- pair.
Please help me with a loop to do n-pair
Thank you

Réponse acceptée

Matt Kindig
Matt Kindig le 17 Juil 2013
Modifié(e) : Matt Kindig le 17 Juil 2013
One (non-loop) way:
[x1,x2]=meshgrid(A(:,1));
[y1,y2]=meshgrid(A(:,2));
D = sqrt((x1-x2).^2+(y1-y2).^2); %distance matrix
setDistance = 2;
[r,c]=find(D <= setDistance); %find which pairs are below setDistance.
B = [r,c]; %set of pairs
B(r==c,:)= []; %eliminate points paired with itself.
  5 commentaires
Laura
Laura le 18 Juil 2013
I want to calculate the distance between point i to point j that in the distance of 2. Then store that pairs in the matrix B.
as I made example above
A= [1 1 ; 2 2 ; 5 5 ; so on]
let say if the distance we want to set is 2
then dist =sqrt((2-1)^2 +(2-1)^2) = sqrt(2) which is less than 2. So first and second pair are close.
store it in B
B= [1 1 ; 2 2; so on ]
You see that the first pair of coordinate (1 1) and second pair (2 2) are in the distance of 2 so B has to contain (1,1) and (2,2). Then calculate the pair 1 to pair 3 which is obvious that pair 3 is not in the range. Then check pair 1 to n-pair. Then calculate pair 2 to any pair and do to it to n-pair, so on .
Matt Kindig
Matt Kindig le 18 Juil 2013
Modifié(e) : Matt Kindig le 18 Juil 2013
Right, but this means that B doesn't indicate any information as to which points are members of which pairs. As it stands now, your B just contains points which are members of a pair which is within 2 units of another point; however, the pair correspondence is not present.
If this is what you wish to do, you can add this line of code to the end:
B = A(unique(B(:)),:);
to get that result.
However, you lose the pair information. Really it depends on what you intend to do with the points in B once you've found them.

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