Is it possible to read analog input pins and command digital outputs of an Arduino board through a GUI? Is it possible to create a standalone application that could be run in any computer without Matlab installed?
Q: Create a GUI application that runs on a host computer without MATLAB?
A: Doing this requires the "MATLAB Compiler" product.
Q: Use the application to get data from an analog input on Arduino?
Q: Use the application to send data from a digital output on Arduino?
A: Yes to both questions. Using the serial port, Arduino can get values from one of its Analog input pins and send them to a host computer. Similarly, you can send values to the Arduino board and set one of the Digital output pins to that value.