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An object with the biggest amount of scope in the Binary image

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Felix
Felix on 12 Sep 2013
Hello, I have a binary image with n white objects (not connected). How can I leave only the object with the biggest amount of scope in the picture I can do it by - bwareaopen, but in this way I have to know approximate size of an object. sorry for my english. thnx

Accepted Answer

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 13 Sep 2013
Try this:
grayImage = imread('coins.png');
subplot(2,2,1);
imshow(grayImage);
binaryImage = grayImage > 100;
binaryImage = imfill(binaryImage, 'holes'); % Fill holes.
[labeledImage, numObjects] = bwlabel(binaryImage);
stats = regionprops(labeledImage,'Area');
allAreas = [stats.Area]
[~, indexOfLargest] = max(allAreas);
largestBlob = ismember(labeledImage, indexOfLargest)>0;
subplot(2,2,2);
imshow(largestBlob);
title('Largest');
keeperIndexes = 1:numObjects;
keeperIndexes(indexOfLargest) = [];
binaryImage2 = ismember(labeledImage, keeperIndexes)>0;
subplot(2,2,3);
imshow(binaryImage2);
title('All Except Largest');

More Answers (2)

Adam Filion
Adam Filion on 12 Sep 2013
Edited: Adam Filion on 12 Sep 2013
If you have Image Processing Toolbox you can use the function regionprops. It comes out to something like this, where tm is the binary image.
cc = bwconncomp(tm);
stats = regionprops(cc,'Area');
A = [stats.Area];
[~,biggest] = max(A);
tm(labelmatrix(cc)~=biggest) = 0;
You can watch a recorded presentation that steps through a similar example here:
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