# Assigning a vector to multiple rows of a matrix

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Niko on 15 May 2014
Commented: Chenglei QIAO on 28 May 2020
Hi all,
This is actually something I've been wondering for a while... Say I have a 1-by-4 vector A and a 5-by-4 matrix B. Now I want to assign the vector A to certain rows of B, but unfortunately you can't do something like
B([1,3,5],:)=A
since the dimensions will mismatch. What I ended up doing is
B([1,3,5],:)=repmat(A,3,1)
which works but seems really ugly (and probably slow as well since I used repmat). Is there a better way to do this?
Thanks!
Niko

W. Owen Brimijoin on 16 May 2014
You could try using indices instead of subscripts:
%pick the rows in B you want to your A values to go into:
r = [1 3 5];
%and the corresponding columns:
c = [1 2 3];
idx = sub2ind(size(B),r,c);
%and use these indices as follows:
B(idx) = A(c);
This assumes that you want your columns filled in the order that they are found in A, but you could just as easily make a different index into A to pick particular values from that vector. This works as long as you ask for the same number of values from A as you have slots in B, if you follow me.
B(idx) = A([2 3 4]);
Dang Manh Truong on 11 Dec 2016
Edited: Dang Manh Truong on 11 Dec 2016
I'm sorry but it did not work :(

Jos (10584) on 16 May 2014
Indeed, it looks a little ugly. However, using repmat is not that slow. Another, little uglier, but slightly faster and more straightforward solution is using a for-loop
A = 1:5
B = zeros(5,5) ;
for k = [1 3 5], B(k,:) = A ; end
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Chenglei QIAO on 28 May 2020
Thanks! but I'm wondering why in this case, the for loop is even faster than the built-in repmat function?

Yao Li on 16 May 2014
b=ones(5,4);
a=[1;2;3;4];
If you wanna assign a to the 3rd row of b,
b=[b(1:2,:);a';b(4:5,:)]

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