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bubblechart3

3-D bubble chart

  • 3-D bubble chart

Description

Vector and Matrix Data

example

bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz) displays colored circular markers (bubbles) at the locations specified by x, y, and z, with bubble sizes specified by sz.

  • To plot one set of coordinates, specify x, y, z, and sz as vectors of equal length.

  • To plot multiple sets of coordinates on the same set of axes, specify at least one of x, y, z, or sz as a matrix.

example

bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,c) specifies the colors of the bubbles. You can specify one color for all the bubbles, or you can vary the color. For example, you can plot all red bubbles by specifying c as "red".

Table Data

example

bubblechart3(tbl,xvar,yvar,zvar,sizevar) plots the variables xvar, yvar, and zvar from the table tbl and uses the variable sizevar for the bubble sizes. To plot one data set, specify one variable each for xvar, yvar, zvar, and sizevar. To plot multiple data sets, specify multiple variables for at least one of those arguments. The arguments that specify multiple variables must specify the same number of variables.

example

bubblechart3(tbl,xvar,yvar,zvar,sizevar,cvar) plots the specified variables from the table using the colors specified in the variable cvar. To specify colors for multiple data sets, specify cvar as multiple variables. The number of variables must match the number of data sets.

Additional Options

example

bubblechart3(ax,___) displays the bubble chart in the target axes ax. Specify the axes before all other input arguments.

example

bubblechart3(___,Name,Value) specifies BubbleChart properties using one or more name-value arguments. Specify the properties after all other input arguments. For example, bubblechart3(x,y,z,'LineWidth',2) creates a bubble chart with 2-point marker outlines. For a list of properties, see BubbleChart Properties.

example

bc = bubblechart3(___) returns the BubbleChart object. Use bc to modify properties of the chart after creating it. For a list of properties, see BubbleChart Properties.

Examples

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Define a set of bubble coordinates as the vectors x, y, and z. Define sz as a vector that specifies the bubble sizes. Then create a bubble chart of x, y, and z.

x = rand(1,20);
y = rand(1,20);
z = rand(1,20);
sz = rand(1,20);
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

Define a set of bubble coordinates as the vectors x, y, and z. Define sz as a vector that specifies the bubble sizes. Then create a bubble chart of x, y, and z, and specify the color as red. By default, the bubbles are partially transparent.

x = rand(1,20);
y = rand(1,20);
z = rand(1,20);
sz = rand(1,20);
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,'red');

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

For a custom color, you can specify an RGB triplet or a hexadecimal color code. For example, the hexadecimal color code '#7031BB', specifies a shade of purple.

bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,'#7031BB');

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

You can also specify a different color for each bubble. For example, specify a vector to select colors from the figure's colormap.

c = 1:20;
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,c)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

Define a set of bubble coordinates as the vectors x, y, and z. Define sz as a vector that specifies the bubble sizes. Then create a bubble chart of x, y, and z. By default, the bubbles are 60% opaque, and the edges are completely opaque with the same color.

x = rand(1,20);
y = rand(1,20);
z = rand(1,20);
sz = rand(1,20);
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

You can customize the opacity and the outline color by setting the MarkerFaceAlpha and MarkerEdgeColor properties, respectively. One way to set a property is by specifying a name-value pair argument when you create the chart. For example, you can specify 20% opacity by setting the MarkerFaceAlpha value to 0.20.

bc = bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,'MarkerFaceAlpha',0.20);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

If you create the chart by calling the bubblechart3 function with a return argument, you can use the return argument to set properties on the chart after creating it. For example, you can change the outline color to purple.

bc.MarkerEdgeColor = [0.5 0 0.5];

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

Define a data set that shows the contamination levels of a certain toxin across different towns in a metropolitan area.

  • Define towns as the populations of the towns.

  • Define nsites as the number of industrial sites in the corresponding towns.

  • Define nregulated as the number of industrial sites that conform to the local environmental regulations.

  • Define levels as the contamination levels in the towns.

towns = randi([25000 500000],[1 30]);
nsites = randi(10,1,30);
nregulated = (-3 * nsites) + (5 * randn(1,30) + 20);
levels = (3 * nsites) + (7 * randn(1,30) + 20);

Display the data in a bubble chart. Create axis labels using the xlabel, ylabel, and zlabel functions. Use the bubblesize function to make all the bubbles between 5 and 30 points in diameter. Then add a bubble legend that shows the relationship between bubble size and population.

bubblechart3(nsites,nregulated,levels,towns)
xlabel('Industrial Sites')
ylabel('Regulated Sites')
zlabel('Contamination Level')

bubblesize([5 30])
bubblelegend('Town Population','Location','eastoutside')

Figure contains an axes object and an object of type bubblelegend. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

A convenient way to plot data from a table is to pass the table to the bubblechart3 function and specify the variables you want to plot. For example, create a table with five variables of random numbers. Plot the X1, Y, Z and Sz variables by passing the table as the first argument to the bubblechart3 function followed by the variable names. By default, the axis labels match the variable names.

tbl = table(randn(15,1)-10,randn(15,1)+10,rand(15,1), ...
  rand(15,1),rand(15,1), ...
  'VariableNames',{'X1','X2','Y','Z','Sz'});

bubblechart3(tbl,'X1','Y','Z','Sz')

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

You can also plot multiple variables at the same time. For example, plot X1 and X2 on the x-axis by specifying the xvar argument as the cell array {'X1','X2'}. Then add a legend. The legend labels match the variable names.

bubblechart3(tbl,{'X1','X2'},'Y','Z','Sz')
legend

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains 2 objects of type bubblechart.

You can plot data from a table and customize the colors by specifying the cvar argument when you call bubblechart3.

For example, create a table with five variables of random numbers, and plot the X, Y, and Z variables. Vary the bubble sizes according to the Sz variable, and vary the colors according to the Colors variable.

tbl = table(randn(15,1)-10,randn(15,1)+10,rand(15,1), ...
  rand(15,1),rand(15,1), ...
  'VariableNames',{'X','Y','Z','Sz','Colors'});

bubblechart3(tbl,'X','Y','Z','Sz','Colors');

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type bubblechart.

Define two sets of data that show the contamination levels of a certain toxin across different towns on the east and west sides of a certain metropolitan area.

  • Define towns1 and towns2 as the populations of the towns.

  • Define nsites1 and nsites2 as the number of industrial sites in the corresponding towns.

  • Define nregulated1 and nregulated2 as the number of industrial sites that conform to the local environmental regulations.

  • Define levels1 and levels2 as the contamination levels in the towns.

towns1 = randi([25000 500000],[1 30]);
towns2 = towns1/3;
nsites1 = randi(10,1,30);
nsites2 = randi(10,1,30);
nregulated1 = (-3 * nsites1) + (5 * randn(1,30) + 20);
nregulated2 = (-2 * nsites2) + (5 * randn(1,30) + 20);
levels1 = (3 * nsites1) + (7 * randn(1,30) + 20);
levels2 = (5 * nsites2) + (7 * randn(1,30) + 20);

Create a tiled chart layout so you can visualize the data side-by-side. Then create an axes object in the first tile and plot the data for the east side of the city. Add a title and axis labels. Then repeat the process in the second tile to plot the west side data.

tiledlayout(2,1,'TileSpacing','compact')
ax1 = nexttile;

% East side
bubblechart3(ax1,nsites1,nregulated1,levels1,towns1);
title('East Side')
xlabel('Industrial Sites')
ylabel('Regulated Sites')
zlabel('Contamination Level')

% West side
ax2 = nexttile;
bubblechart3(ax2,nsites2,nregulated2,levels2,towns2);
title('West Side')
xlabel('Industrial Sites')
ylabel('Regulated Sites')
zlabel('Contamination Level')

Figure contains 2 axes objects. Axes object 1 with title East Side contains an object of type bubblechart. Axes object 2 with title West Side contains an object of type bubblechart.

Reduce all the bubble sizes to make it easier to see all the bubbles. In this case, change the range of diameters to be between 5 and 20 points.

bubblesize(ax1,[5 20])
bubblesize(ax2,[5 20])

Figure contains 2 axes objects. Axes object 1 with title East Side contains an object of type bubblechart. Axes object 2 with title West Side contains an object of type bubblechart.

The east side towns are three times the size of the west side towns, but the bubble sizes do not reflect this information in the preceding charts. This is because the smallest and largest bubbles map to the smallest and largest data points in each of the axes. To display the bubbles on the same scale, define a vector called alltowns that includes the populations from both sides of the city. The use the bubblelim function to reset the scaling for both charts.

alltowns = [towns1 towns2];
newlims = [min(alltowns) max(alltowns)];
bubblelim(ax1,newlims)
bubblelim(ax2,newlims)

Figure contains 2 axes objects. Axes object 1 with title East Side contains an object of type bubblechart. Axes object 2 with title West Side contains an object of type bubblechart.

Input Arguments

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x-coordinates, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. The size and shape of x depends on the shape of your data. This table describes the most common situations.

Type of Bubble ChartHow to Specify Coordinates
Single bubble

Specify x, y, z, and sz as scalars. For example:

bubblechart3(1,2,3,10)

One set of bubbles

Specify x, y, z, and sz as any combination of row or column vectors of the same length. For example:

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4; 5; 6; 7];
z = [8 9 10 11];
sz = [12 13 14 15];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Multiple sets of bubbles

If all the data sets share coordinates in one or more dimensions, specify the shared coordinates as a vector and the other coordinates as matrices. The length of the vector must match one of the dimensions of the matrices. For example, plot two data sets that share the same x-coordinates and size values.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4 5 6 7; 7 8 9 10];
z = [10 11 12 13; 14 15 16 17];
sz = [1 2 3 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)
If the matrices are square, bubblechart3 plots a separate set of bubbles for each column in the matrices.

Alternatively, specify x, y, z, and sz as matrices of equal size. In this case, bubblechart3 plots the columns of the matrices. For example, plot two data sets.

x = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
y = [4 7; 5 8; 6 9; 7 10];
z = [10 14; 11 15; 12 16; 13 17];
sz = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | categorical | datetime | duration

y-coordinates, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. The size and shape of y depends on the shape of your data. This table describes the most common situations.

Type of Bubble ChartHow to Specify Coordinates
Single bubble

Specify x, y, z, and sz as scalars. For example:

bubblechart3(1,2,3,10)

One set of bubbles

Specify x, y, z, and sz as any combination of row or column vectors of the same length. For example:

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4; 5; 6; 7];
z = [8 9 10 11];
sz = [12 13 14 15];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Multiple sets of bubbles

If all the data sets share coordinates in one or more dimensions, specify the shared coordinates as a vector and the other coordinates as matrices. The length of the vector must match one of the dimensions of the matrices. For example, plot two data sets that share the same x-coordinates and size values.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4 5 6 7; 7 8 9 10];
z = [10 11 12 13; 14 15 16 17];
sz = [1 2 3 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)
If the matrices are square, bubblechart3 plots a separate set of bubbles for each column in the matrices.

Alternatively, specify x, y, z, and sz as matrices of equal size. In this case, bubblechart3 plots the columns of the matrices. For example, plot two data sets.

x = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
y = [4 7; 5 8; 6 9; 7 10];
z = [10 14; 11 15; 12 16; 13 17];
sz = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | categorical | datetime | duration

z-coordinates, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. The size and shape of z depends on the shape of your data. This table describes the most common situations.

Type of Bubble ChartHow to Specify Coordinates
Single bubble

Specify x, y, z, and sz as scalars. For example:

bubblechart3(1,2,3,10)

One set of bubbles

Specify x, y, z, and sz as any combination of row or column vectors of the same length. For example:

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4; 5; 6; 7];
z = [8 9 10 11];
sz = [12 13 14 15];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Multiple sets of bubbles

If all the data sets share coordinates in one or more dimensions, specify the shared coordinates as a vector and the other coordinates as matrices. The length of the vector must match one of the dimensions of the matrices. For example, plot two data sets that share the same x-coordinates and size values.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4 5 6 7; 7 8 9 10];
z = [10 11 12 13; 14 15 16 17];
sz = [1 2 3 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)
If the matrices are square, bubblechart3 plots a separate set of bubbles for each column in the matrix.

Alternatively, specify x, y, z, and sz as matrices of equal size. In this case, bubblechart3 plots the columns of the matrices. For example, plot two data sets.

x = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
y = [4 7; 5 8; 6 9; 7 10];
z = [10 14; 11 15; 12 16; 13 17];
sz = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | categorical | datetime | duration

Bubble sizes, specified as a numeric scalar, vector, matrix. The way you specify the size depends on how you specify x, y, and z and how you want the chart to look. This table describes the most common situations.

Type of Bubble Chartx, y, and z szExample

One set of bubbles

Vectors of the same length

A vector with the same length as x, y, and z

Specify x, y, z, and sz as vectors.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [4 5 6 7];
z = [8 9 10 11];
sz = [80 150 700 50];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Multiple sets of bubbles that have varied coordinates and bubble sizes

At least one of x, y, or z is a matrix for plotting multiple data sets

A matrix that has the same size as the x, y, or z matrix

Specify x as a vector and y, z and sz as matrices.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [1 6; 3 8; 2 7; 4 9];
z = [10 11; 12 13; 14 15; 16 17];
sz = [80 30; 150 900; 50 2000; 200 350];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Multiple sets of bubbles, where all the coordinates are shared, but the sizes are different for each data set

Vectors of the same length

A matrix with at least one dimension that matches the lengths of x, y, and z

Specify x, y, and z as vectors and sz as a matrix.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [5 6 7 8];
z = [9 10 11 12];
sz = [80 30; 150 900; 50 500; 200 350];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Multiple sets of bubbles, where the coordinates vary in at least one dimension, but the sizes are shared between data sets

At least one of x, y, or z is a matrix for plotting multiple data sets

A vector with the same number of elements as there are bubbles in each data set

Specify x as a vector, y and z as matrices, and sz as a vector.

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [1 6; 3 8; 2 7; 4 9];
z = [2 8; 3 10; 4 7; 4 12];
sz = [80 150 200 350];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz)

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Bubble color, specified as a color name, RGB triplet, matrix of RGB triplets, or a vector of colormap indices.

  • Color name — A color name such as "red", or a short name such as "r".

  • RGB triplet — A three-element row vector whose elements specify the intensities of the red, green, and blue components of the color. The intensities must be in the range [0,1]; for example, [0.4 0.6 0.7]. RGB triplets are useful for creating custom colors.

  • Matrix of RGB triplets — A three-column matrix in which each row is an RGB triplet.

  • Vector of colormap indices — A vector of numeric values that is the same length as the x, y, and z vectors.

The way you specify the color depends on the preferred color scheme and whether you are plotting one set of bubbles or multiple sets of bubbles. This table describes the most common situations.

Color SchemeHow to Specify the ColorExample

Use one color for all the bubbles.

Specify a color name or a short name from the table below, or specify one RGB triplet.

Display one set of bubbles, and specify the color as "red".

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [2 5 3 6];
z = [10 6 4 7];
sz = [1 2 3 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,"red")

Display two sets of bubbles, and specify the color as red using the RGB triplet [1 0 0].

x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [2 5 3 6];
z = [2 5; 1 2; 8 4; 7 9];
sz = [1 2; 3 4; 5 6; 7 8];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,[1 0 0])

Assign different colors to each bubble using a colormap.

Specify a row or column vector of numbers. The numbers map into the current colormap array. The smallest value maps to the first row in the colormap, and the largest value maps to the last row. The intermediate values map linearly to the intermediate rows.

If your chart has three bubbles, specify a column vector to ensure the values are interpreted as colormap indices.

You can use this method only when x, y, z, and sz are all vectors.

Create a vector c that specifies four colormap indices. Display four bubbles using the colors from the current colormap. Then, change the colormap to winter.

c = [1 2 3 4];
x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [5 6 7 8];
z = [7 8 9 10];
sz = [1 2 3 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,c)
colormap(gca,"winter")

Create a custom color for each bubble.

Specify an m-by-3 matrix of RGB triplets, where m is the number of bubbles.

You can use this method only when x, y, z, and sz are all vectors.

Create a matrix c that specifies RGB triplets for green, red, gray, and purple. Then create a bubble chart using those colors.

c = [0 1 0; 1 0 0; 0.5 0.5 0.5; 0.6 0 1];
x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [5 6 7 8];
z = [7 8 9 10];
sz = [1 2 3 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,c)

Create a different color for each data set.

Specify an n-by-3 matrix of RGB triplets, where n is the number of data sets.

You can use this method only when at least one of x, y, z, or sz is a matrix.

Create a matrix c that contains two RGB triplets. Then display two sets of bubbles using those colors.

c = [1 0 0; 0.6 0 1];
x = [1 2 3 4];
y = [5 6 7 8];
z = [2 5; 1 2; 8 4; 11 9];
sz = [1 1; 2 2; 3 3; 4 4];
bubblechart3(x,y,z,sz,c)

Color Names and RGB Triplets for Common Colors

Color NameShort NameRGB TripletHexadecimal Color CodeAppearance
'red''r'[1 0 0]'#FF0000'

Sample of the color red

'green''g'[0 1 0]'#00FF00'

Sample of the color green

'blue''b'[0 0 1]'#0000FF'

Sample of the color blue

'cyan' 'c'[0 1 1]'#00FFFF'

Sample of the color cyan

'magenta''m'[1 0 1]'#FF00FF'

Sample of the color magenta

'yellow''y'[1 1 0]'#FFFF00'

Sample of the color yellow

'black''k'[0 0 0]'#000000'

Sample of the color black

'white''w'[1 1 1]'#FFFFFF'

Sample of the color white

Here are the RGB triplets and hexadecimal color codes for the default colors MATLAB® uses in many types of plots.

RGB TripletHexadecimal Color CodeAppearance
[0 0.4470 0.7410]'#0072BD'

Sample of RGB triplet [0 0.4470 0.7410], which appears as dark blue

[0.8500 0.3250 0.0980]'#D95319'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.8500 0.3250 0.0980], which appears as dark orange

[0.9290 0.6940 0.1250]'#EDB120'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.9290 0.6940 0.1250], which appears as dark yellow

[0.4940 0.1840 0.5560]'#7E2F8E'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.4940 0.1840 0.5560], which appears as dark purple

[0.4660 0.6740 0.1880]'#77AC30'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.4660 0.6740 0.1880], which appears as medium green

[0.3010 0.7450 0.9330]'#4DBEEE'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.3010 0.7450 0.9330], which appears as light blue

[0.6350 0.0780 0.1840]'#A2142F'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.6350 0.0780 0.1840], which appears as dark red

Source table containing the data to plot, specified as a table or a timetable.

Table variables containing the x-coordinates, specified as one or more table variable indices.

Specifying Table Indices

Use any of the following indexing schemes to specify the desired variable or variables.

Indexing SchemeExamples

Variable names:

  • A string, character vector, or cell array.

  • A pattern object.

  • "A" or 'A' — A variable called A

  • ["A","B"] or {'A','B'} — Two variables called A and B

  • "Var"+digitsPattern(1) — Variables named "Var" followed by a single digit

Variable index:

  • An index number that refers to the location of a variable in the table.

  • A vector of numbers.

  • A logical vector. Typically, this vector is the same length as the number of variables, but you can omit trailing 0 or false values.

  • 3 — The third variable from the table

  • [2 3] — The second and third variables from the table

  • [false false true] — The third variable

Variable type:

  • A vartype subscript that selects variables of a specified type.

  • vartype("categorical") — All the variables containing categorical values

Plotting Your Data

The table variables you specify can contain numeric, categorical, datetime, or duration values.

To plot one data set, specify one variable each for xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, and optionally cvar. For example, read Patients.xls into the table tbl. Plot the Height, Weight, and Diastolic variables, and vary the bubble sizes according to the Age variable.

tbl = readtable('Patients.xls');
bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight','Diastolic','Age')

To plot multiple data sets together, specify multiple variables for at least one of xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, or optionally cvar. If you specify multiple variables for more than one argument, the number of variables must be the same for each of those arguments.

For example, plot the Weight variable on the x-axis, the Height variable on the y-axis, and the Systolic and Diastolic variables on the z-axis. Specify the Age variable for the bubble sizes.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Weight','Height',{'Systolic','Diastolic'},'Age')

You can also use different indexing schemes for the table variables. For example, specify xvar and xvar as variable names, zvar as an index number, and sizevar as a logical vector.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight',9,[false false true])

Table variables containing the y-coordinates, specified as one or more table variable indices.

Specifying Table Indices

Use any of the following indexing schemes to specify the desired variable or variables.

Indexing SchemeExamples

Variable names:

  • A string, character vector, or cell array.

  • A pattern object.

  • "A" or 'A' — A variable called A

  • ["A","B"] or {'A','B'} — Two variables called A and B

  • "Var"+digitsPattern(1) — Variables named "Var" followed by a single digit

Variable index:

  • An index number that refers to the location of a variable in the table.

  • A vector of numbers.

  • A logical vector. Typically, this vector is the same length as the number of variables, but you can omit trailing 0 or false values.

  • 3 — The third variable from the table

  • [2 3] — The second and third variables from the table

  • [false false true] — The third variable

Variable type:

  • A vartype subscript that selects variables of a specified type.

  • vartype("categorical") — All the variables containing categorical values

Plotting Your Data

The table variables you specify can contain numeric, categorical, datetime, or duration values.

To plot one data set, specify one variable each for xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, and optionally cvar. For example, read Patients.xls into the table tbl. Plot the Height, Weight, and Diastolic variables, and vary the bubble sizes according to the Age variable.

tbl = readtable('Patients.xls');
bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight','Diastolic','Age')

To plot multiple data sets together, specify multiple variables for at least one of xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, or optionally cvar. If you specify multiple variables for more than one argument, the number of variables must be the same for each of those arguments.

For example, plot the Weight variable on the x-axis, the Height variable on the y-axis, and the Systolic and Diastolic variables on the z-axis. Specify the Age variable for the bubble sizes.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Weight','Height',{'Systolic','Diastolic'},'Age')

You can also use different indexing schemes for the table variables. For example, specify xvar and xvar as variable names, zvar as an index number, and sizevar as a logical vector.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight',9,[false false true])

Table variables containing the z-coordinates, specified as one or more table variable indices.

Specifying Table Indices

Use any of the following indexing schemes to specify the desired variable or variables.

Indexing SchemeExamples

Variable names:

  • A string, character vector, or cell array.

  • A pattern object.

  • "A" or 'A' — A variable called A

  • ["A","B"] or {'A','B'} — Two variables called A and B

  • "Var"+digitsPattern(1) — Variables named "Var" followed by a single digit

Variable index:

  • An index number that refers to the location of a variable in the table.

  • A vector of numbers.

  • A logical vector. Typically, this vector is the same length as the number of variables, but you can omit trailing 0 or false values.

  • 3 — The third variable from the table

  • [2 3] — The second and third variables from the table

  • [false false true] — The third variable

Variable type:

  • A vartype subscript that selects variables of a specified type.

  • vartype("categorical") — All the variables containing categorical values

Plotting Your Data

The table variables you specify can contain numeric, categorical, datetime, or duration values.

To plot one data set, specify one variable each for xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, and optionally cvar. For example, read Patients.xls into the table tbl. Plot the Height, Weight, and Diastolic variables, and vary the bubble sizes according to the Age variable.

tbl = readtable('Patients.xls');
bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight','Diastolic','Age')

To plot multiple data sets together, specify multiple variables for at least one of xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, or optionally cvar. If you specify multiple variables for more than one argument, the number of variables must be the same for each of those arguments.

For example, plot the Weight variable on the x-axis, the Height variable on the y-axis, and the Systolic and Diastolic variables on the z-axis. Specify the Age variable for the bubble sizes.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Weight','Height',{'Systolic','Diastolic'},'Age')

You can also use different indexing schemes for the table variables. For example, specify xvar and xvar as variable names, zvar as an index number, and sizevar as a logical vector.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight',9,[false false true])

Table variables containing the bubble size data, specified as one or more table variable indices.

Specifying Table Indices

Use any of the following indexing schemes to specify the desired variable or variables.

Indexing SchemeExamples

Variable names:

  • A string, character vector, or cell array.

  • A pattern object.

  • "A" or 'A' — A variable called A

  • ["A","B"] or {'A','B'} — Two variables called A and B

  • "Var"+digitsPattern(1) — Variables named "Var" followed by a single digit

Variable index:

  • An index number that refers to the location of a variable in the table.

  • A vector of numbers.

  • A logical vector. Typically, this vector is the same length as the number of variables, but you can omit trailing 0 or false values.

  • 3 — The third variable from the table

  • [2 3] — The second and third variables from the table

  • [false false true] — The third variable

Variable type:

  • A vartype subscript that selects variables of a specified type.

  • vartype("categorical") — All the variables containing categorical values

Plotting Your Data

The table variables you specify can contain any type of numeric values.

If you are plotting one data set, specify one variable for sizevar. For example, read Patients.xls into the table tbl. Plot the Height, Weight, and Diastolic variables, and vary the bubble sizes according to the Age variable.

tbl = readtable('Patients.xls');
bubblechart3(tbl,'Height','Weight','Diastolic','Age')

If you are plotting multiple data sets, you can specify multiple variables for at least one of xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, or optionally cvar. If you specify multiple variables for more than one argument, the number of variables must be the same for each of those arguments.

For example, plot the Weight variable on the x-axis, the Height variable on the y-axis, and the Age variable on the z-axis. Specify the Systolic and Diastolic variables for the bubble sizes. The resulting plot shows two sets of bubbles with the same coordinates, but different bubble sizes.

bubblechart3(tbl,'Weight','Height','Age',{'Systolic','Diastolic'})

Table variables containing the bubble color data, specified as one or more table variable indices.

Specifying Table Indices

Use any of the following indexing schemes to specify the desired variable or variables.

Indexing SchemeExamples

Variable names:

  • A string, character vector, or cell array.

  • A pattern object.

  • "A" or 'A' — A variable called A

  • ["A","B"] or {'A','B'} — Two variables called A and B

  • "Var"+digitsPattern(1) — Variables named "Var" followed by a single digit

Variable index:

  • An index number that refers to the location of a variable in the table.

  • A vector of numbers.

  • A logical vector. Typically, this vector is the same length as the number of variables, but you can omit trailing 0 or false values.

  • 3 — The third variable from the table

  • [2 3] — The second and third variables from the table

  • [false false true] — The third variable

Variable type:

  • A vartype subscript that selects variables of a specified type.

  • vartype("categorical") — All the variables containing categorical values

Plotting Your Data

The table variables you specify can contain values of any numeric type. Each variable can be:

  • A column of numbers that linearly map into the current colormap.

  • A three-column array of RGB triplets. RGB triplets are three-element vectors whose values specify the intensities of the red, green, and blue components of specific colors. The intensities must be in the range [0,1]. For example, [0.5 0.7 1] specifies a shade of light blue.

If you are plotting one data set, specify one variable for cvar. For example, create a table with seven variables of random numbers. Plot the X1, Y, and Z variables. Vary the bubble sizes according to the SZ variable, and vary the colors according to the Color1 variable.

tbl = table(randn(50,1)-10,randn(50,1)+10,rand(50,1), ...
  rand(50,1),rand(50,1),rand(50,1),rand(50,1),...
  'VariableNames',{'X1','X2','Y','Z','SZ','Color1','Color2'});

bubblechart3(tbl,'X1','Y','Z','SZ','Color1')

If you are plotting multiple data sets, you can specify multiple variables for at least one of xvar, yvar, zvar, sizevar, or cvar. If you specify multiple variables for more than one argument, the number of variables must be the same for each of those arguments.

For example, plot the X1 and X2 variables on the x-axis, the Y variable on the y-axis, and the Z variable on the z-axis. Vary the bubble sizes according to the SZ variable. Specify the Color1 and Color2 variables for the colors. The resulting plot shows two sets of bubbles with the same y-coordinates, z-coordinates, and bubble sizes, but different x-coordinates and colors.

bubblechart3(tbl,{'X1','X2'},'Y','Z','SZ',{'Color1','Color2'})

Target axes, specified as an Axes object. If you do not specify the axes, MATLAB plots into the current axes, or it creates an Axes object if one does not exist.

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional pairs of arguments as Name1=Value1,...,NameN=ValueN, where Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name-value arguments must appear after other arguments, but the order of the pairs does not matter.

Before R2021a, use commas to separate each name and value, and enclose Name in quotes.

Example: bubblechart3([2 1 5],[4 10 9],[1 2 3],[1 2 3],'MarkerFaceColor','red') creates red bubbles.

Note

The properties listed here are only a subset. For a complete list, see BubbleChart Properties.

Marker outline color, specified 'flat', an RGB triplet, a hexadecimal color code, a color name, or a short name. The default value of 'flat' uses colors from the CData property.

For a custom color, specify an RGB triplet or a hexadecimal color code.

  • An RGB triplet is a three-element row vector whose elements specify the intensities of the red, green, and blue components of the color. The intensities must be in the range [0,1]; for example, [0.4 0.6 0.7].

  • A hexadecimal color code is a character vector or a string scalar that starts with a hash symbol (#) followed by three or six hexadecimal digits, which can range from 0 to F. The values are not case sensitive. Thus, the color codes '#FF8800', '#ff8800', '#F80', and '#f80' are equivalent.

Alternatively, you can specify some common colors by name. This table lists the named color options, the equivalent RGB triplets, and hexadecimal color codes.

Color NameShort NameRGB TripletHexadecimal Color CodeAppearance
'red''r'[1 0 0]'#FF0000'

Sample of the color red

'green''g'[0 1 0]'#00FF00'

Sample of the color green

'blue''b'[0 0 1]'#0000FF'

Sample of the color blue

'cyan' 'c'[0 1 1]'#00FFFF'

Sample of the color cyan

'magenta''m'[1 0 1]'#FF00FF'

Sample of the color magenta

'yellow''y'[1 1 0]'#FFFF00'

Sample of the color yellow

'black''k'[0 0 0]'#000000'

Sample of the color black

'white''w'[1 1 1]'#FFFFFF'

Sample of the color white

'none'Not applicableNot applicableNot applicableNo color

Here are the RGB triplets and hexadecimal color codes for the default colors MATLAB uses in many types of plots.

RGB TripletHexadecimal Color CodeAppearance
[0 0.4470 0.7410]'#0072BD'

Sample of RGB triplet [0 0.4470 0.7410], which appears as dark blue

[0.8500 0.3250 0.0980]'#D95319'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.8500 0.3250 0.0980], which appears as dark orange

[0.9290 0.6940 0.1250]'#EDB120'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.9290 0.6940 0.1250], which appears as dark yellow

[0.4940 0.1840 0.5560]'#7E2F8E'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.4940 0.1840 0.5560], which appears as dark purple

[0.4660 0.6740 0.1880]'#77AC30'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.4660 0.6740 0.1880], which appears as medium green

[0.3010 0.7450 0.9330]'#4DBEEE'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.3010 0.7450 0.9330], which appears as light blue

[0.6350 0.0780 0.1840]'#A2142F'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.6350 0.0780 0.1840], which appears as dark red

Example: [0.5 0.5 0.5]

Example: 'blue'

Example: '#D2F9A7'

Marker fill color, specified as 'flat', 'auto', an RGB triplet, a hexadecimal color code, a color name, or a short name. The 'flat' option uses the CData values. The 'auto' option uses the same color as the Color property for the axes.

For a custom color, specify an RGB triplet or a hexadecimal color code.

  • An RGB triplet is a three-element row vector whose elements specify the intensities of the red, green, and blue components of the color. The intensities must be in the range [0,1]; for example, [0.4 0.6 0.7].

  • A hexadecimal color code is a character vector or a string scalar that starts with a hash symbol (#) followed by three or six hexadecimal digits, which can range from 0 to F. The values are not case sensitive. Thus, the color codes '#FF8800', '#ff8800', '#F80', and '#f80' are equivalent.

Alternatively, you can specify some common colors by name. This table lists the named color options, the equivalent RGB triplets, and hexadecimal color codes.

Color NameShort NameRGB TripletHexadecimal Color CodeAppearance
'red''r'[1 0 0]'#FF0000'

Sample of the color red

'green''g'[0 1 0]'#00FF00'

Sample of the color green

'blue''b'[0 0 1]'#0000FF'

Sample of the color blue

'cyan' 'c'[0 1 1]'#00FFFF'

Sample of the color cyan

'magenta''m'[1 0 1]'#FF00FF'

Sample of the color magenta

'yellow''y'[1 1 0]'#FFFF00'

Sample of the color yellow

'black''k'[0 0 0]'#000000'

Sample of the color black

'white''w'[1 1 1]'#FFFFFF'

Sample of the color white

'none'Not applicableNot applicableNot applicableNo color

Here are the RGB triplets and hexadecimal color codes for the default colors MATLAB uses in many types of plots.

RGB TripletHexadecimal Color CodeAppearance
[0 0.4470 0.7410]'#0072BD'

Sample of RGB triplet [0 0.4470 0.7410], which appears as dark blue

[0.8500 0.3250 0.0980]'#D95319'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.8500 0.3250 0.0980], which appears as dark orange

[0.9290 0.6940 0.1250]'#EDB120'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.9290 0.6940 0.1250], which appears as dark yellow

[0.4940 0.1840 0.5560]'#7E2F8E'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.4940 0.1840 0.5560], which appears as dark purple

[0.4660 0.6740 0.1880]'#77AC30'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.4660 0.6740 0.1880], which appears as medium green

[0.3010 0.7450 0.9330]'#4DBEEE'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.3010 0.7450 0.9330], which appears as light blue

[0.6350 0.0780 0.1840]'#A2142F'

Sample of RGB triplet [0.6350 0.0780 0.1840], which appears as dark red

Example: [0.3 0.2 0.1]

Example: 'green'

Example: '#D2F9A7'

Width of marker edge, specified as a positive value in point units.

Example: 0.75

Marker edge transparency, specified as a scalar in the range [0,1] or 'flat'. A value of 1 is opaque and 0 is completely transparent. Values between 0 and 1 are semitransparent.

To set the edge transparency to a different value for each point in the plot, set the AlphaData property to a vector the same size as the XData property, and set the MarkerEdgeAlpha property to 'flat'.

Marker face transparency, specified as a scalar in the range [0,1] or 'flat'. A value of 1 is opaque and 0 is completely transparent. Values between 0 and 1 are partially transparent.

To set the marker face transparency to a different value for each point, set the AlphaData property to a vector the same size as the XData property, and set the MarkerFaceAlpha property to 'flat'.

Version History

Introduced in R2020b

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